Types of Social Work: Forensic social work

Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Functions
  3. Historical development
  4. Role of the social worker 

Introduction

The application of social work to questions and issues relating to law and legal systems is known as forensic social work. For criminal defendants being evaluated and treated on issues of competency and responsibility, this specialty of the social work profession extends far beyond clinics and psychiatric hospitals. In a broader sense, social work practise that is connected to legal issues and litigation, both criminal and civil, is included. This definition encompasses child custody issues such as separation, divorce, neglect, termination of parental rights, the consequences of child and spousal abuse, juvenile and adult justice services, corrections, and mandated treatment. A forensic social worker may also be involved in the development of policies or legislation aimed at promoting social justice.

Functions

Functions of the forensic social work practitioner may include:

  • Providing advice, information, or training to:

  1. Criminal justice, juvenile justice, and correctional systems 
  2. Lawmakers
  3.  Law enforcement personnel 
  4. Attorneys, law students, and paralegals 
  5. Members of the public

  • Diagnosis, treatment, and recommendations:

  1. Diagnosing, assessing, and treating criminal and juvenile justice populations
  2. Diagnosing, treating, or making recommendations about mental status, children's interests, incapacities, or inability to testify 
  3. Serving as an expert witness 
  4. Screening, evaluating, or treating law enforcement and other criminal justice personnel

  • Other functions:

  1. Policy and program development 
  2. Mediation, advocacy, and arbitration 
  3. Teaching, training, and supervising 
  4. Behavioral Science  Research and Analysis
Practitioners of forensic social work only engage in forensic activities that are within their areas of competence and expertise.

Historical development 

United Kingdom

In 1936, the first Psychiatric Social Worker was appointed in London. In 1930, the British Association of Psychiatric Social Workers was founded. In England and Wales, the majority of expertise has been concentrated in Specialist Hospitals. Broadmoor Hospital was the first to employ a qualified mental health social worker, and it wasn't until 1969 that the first qualified mental health social worker was hired.

"Social work with mentally disordered people who present, or are subject to, significant risk and, as a result, are, or could be, in contact with the criminal justice system," according to the Central Council for Training and Education in Social Work (which was responsible for promoting education and training in social work between 1971 and 2001). The primary goal of forensic social work is to strike a balance between public safety and individual well-being by collaborating with others to identify, assess, and manage risk; identify and challenge discriminatory structures and practises; engage effectively; and identify, develop, and implement strategies."

America

Since at least 1899[3], forensic social work has been carried out, in part, as a result of the settlement house movement and the expansion of urban charity work.

Role of the social worker

The social worker bridges the gap between the two worlds of hospital and community

United States

In the United States, a forensic social worker performs a variety of tasks, including social assessments for a variety of courts, including Family Court, as well as assessments and follow-up for psychiatric hospitals.

United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom, the forensic social worker is responsible for a variety of tasks, including hospital admission applications and, if necessary, aftercare (under section 117 of the Mental Health Act 1983) and social assessments. Psychiatric social workers are now known as Mental Health Professionals, Mental Health Social Workers, or, if trained, Approved Mental Health Professionals, and are frequently employed by Community Mental Health Teams, hospitals, or local governments. The social worker acts as the Social Supervisor, determining appropriate accommodations for discharged patients and assessing risk. The Mental Health First Tier Tribunal receives specialist social care reports from them.

The Department of Health in England currently identifies the following functions as being key to the social work role: 

  • assessment; 
  • care co-ordination; 
  • report writing and presentation; 
  • working with individuals and families; 
  • working in collaboration with service users and carers; 
  • undertaking social supervision with conditionally discharged patients and the supervision of those subject to supervision and in the case of those within forensic community teams, community treatment orders; 
  • working with external agencies and multiagency public protection arrangements (MAPPAs); 
  • continuing professional development.
Patients who are subject to conditional discharge have been discharged under section 41 of the Mental Health Act 1983 are frequently assigned'social supervisors' from the community. Social supervisors not only support the person in the community, but they also report on their progress to the Ministry of Justice on a regular basis and may recommend that they be readmitted to the hospital.






























































































































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Abnormal Psychology Affirmative Action Agenda 21 Agriculture Anthropology applied psychology ARTICLE 14 ARTICLE 15 ARTICLE 16 ARTICLE 19 basic psychology Basic Social Science Concept Behavioural Therapy Black Feminism Body Brazil case work caste CBD Child Rights Chipko Class Climate change Clinical Social Work Cognitive Psychology Communicable diseases Community development Community Organization Constitution Constitution of India Correctional Social Work CPR Culture Current Affairs Daily MCQ Dalit Feminism Deafblindness Development Disability Disability in the field of Social Work Disaster Earth Summit Ecofeminism ecological refugee Economic Development Economics Ecosystem Ecosystem approach Education Emotion Environment Environment and Society environmental equality Equity and substantive equality Evoluation theory Feminism Feminism of Colour Feminist Feminist Community Practice Feminist Psychology Feminist Theories Feminist Theory Field Work forensic Fundamental Right Fundamental Rights Gender Gender and Development Gender and Development Gender and Social Work Gender and Social Work Gender Equality Gender Justice gender neutrality Global and Postcolonial Feminism global warming gorillas Green best movement Greenpeace ideology India Indian economic Planning individual liberty Inequality International Current Affairs Intersectionality Intersectionality Theory JFMC Labour law Language Leader leadership Learning Legal Literacy Liberalism life span development livelihood Livelihoods Livelihoods Promotion Locomotor Disability MCQ Medical Social Work medicine Mental Health Migration Model of economic Model Questions Motivation movements Nagoya Narmada Bachao National Current Affairs Natural hazard Natural Resources nature Neuroscience NGO Niyamgiri Objectivity and Subjectivity Ogoni Participation Pastroalism patriarchy perception Personal Laws Personality PIL Planning in India Political science Post modernism Postmodern Feminism power Preabmle Production Program Planning protests Psychoanalysis Psychological Rehabilittation Psychology psychosocial development Public Interest Litigation Public Policy Radical Feminism Recording Reflection Reflexivity Reproduction rights of women Risk reduction Role of Social Worker Rural Community Rural Development Rural Economy Rural Society Sensory Impairment sex Sexual Division of Labour Short Current Affairs Slum social relations Social Action Social Advocacy Social Blog social case work social casework Social Change social concept Social Control Social Current Affairs Social Development Social Entrepreneurship Social Group Work Social Groups Social Justice Social Legislation social medicine Social Policies Social Policy Social Problem Social Reform Social Transformation Social Value Creation Social Welfare Administration Social Work Social work concept Social Work Education Social Work MCQ Social Work Methods Social work QA Social Work Research Social Work Role of Social Worker Social Work Social Reform Socialiation Socialist Feminism Socialization Sociology SWOT Analysis Team Building Theory of Social Change trade unions tribe Types of Social work UGC NET Social Work Uniform Civil Code and Family Law in India Vulnerability WAD watershed Western Ghats WID Women and Development Women in Development

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