25 MCQ on Concepts of Social Psychology for Social Work Practice


25 MCQ on Concepts of Social Psychology for Social Work Practice

 1. Question: Social psychology primarily focuses on the study of:

a. Individual behavior within a social context b. Genetic determinants of behavior c. Human biology and physiology d. Animal behavior Answer: a. Individual behavior within a social context

2. Question: The fundamental attribution error refers to the tendency to: a. Attribute one's successes to internal factors and failures to external factors b. Attribute others' behaviors to internal factors and underestimate situational influences c. Attribute one's successes to external factors and failures to internal factors d. Attribute others' behaviors to external factors and overestimate situational influences Answer: b. Attribute others' behaviors to internal factors and underestimate situational influences

3. Question: The tendency to conform to a group's norms and values due to a desire to fit in is known as: a. Obedience b. Conformity c. Compliance d. Persuasion Answer: b. Conformity

4. Question: Social identity theory suggests that individuals derive a part of their identity from: a. Personal achievements b. Group memberships c. Family dynamics d. Cultural values Answer: b. Group memberships

5. Question: The "self-fulfilling prophecy" in social psychology refers to: a. A prediction that comes true because people believe it b. A spontaneous act of kindness c. Unconscious desires influencing behavior d. The need for self-actualization Answer: a. A prediction that comes true because people believe it

6. Question: Cognitive dissonance theory proposes that individuals experience discomfort when: a. Their beliefs and behaviors are inconsistent b. They are exposed to conflicting opinions c. They lack self-confidence d. They conform to social norms Answer: a. Their beliefs and behaviors are inconsistent

7. Question: In-group favoritism refers to the tendency to: a. Favor members of out-groups over in-group members b. Favor in-group members over out-group members c. Be indifferent to both in-group and out-group members d. Treat all groups equally Answer: b. Favor in-group members over out-group members

8. Question: The bystander effect is characterized by: a. A decrease in prosocial behavior as the number of bystanders increases b. An increase in prosocial behavior as the number of bystanders increases c. A decrease in aggression as the number of bystanders increases d. An increase in aggression as the number of bystanders increases Answer: a. A decrease in prosocial behavior as the number of bystanders increases

9. Question: Social influence through direct requests or demands is known as: a. Persuasion b. Obedience c. Conformity d. Compliance Answer: d. Compliance

10. Question: The tendency to attribute one's successes to internal factors and failures to external factors is known as: a. Self-serving bias b. Fundamental attribution error c. Confirmation bias d. Stereotyping Answer: a. Self-serving bias

11. Question: Which theory suggests that people are motivated to maintain a sense of consistency in their beliefs and attitudes? a. Social exchange theory b. Cognitive dissonance theory c. Social identity theory d. Attribution theory Answer: b. Cognitive dissonance theory

12. Question: The tendency to attribute others' behaviors to their personality while overlooking situational factors is known as: a. Groupthink b. Self-fulfilling prophecy c. Fundamental attribution error d. Bystander effect Answer: c. Fundamental attribution error

13. Question: Social norms are: a. Explicit laws and regulations b. Implicit rules and expectations within a group or society c. Personal opinions and beliefs d. Economic principles Answer: b. Implicit rules and expectations within a group or society

14. Question: Social facilitation is the tendency for individuals to: a. Perform better on simple tasks in the presence of others b. Perform better on complex tasks in the presence of others c. Perform worse on simple tasks in the presence of others d. Perform worse on complex tasks in the presence of others Answer: a. Perform better on simple tasks in the presence of others

15. Question: The theory that individuals are motivated to reduce uncertainty in social interactions and to categorize others to predict their behavior is known as: a. Social exchange theory b. Social identity theory c. Uncertainty reduction theory d. Social learning theory Answer: c. Uncertainty reduction theory

16. Question: The bystander effect is related to which psychological concept in social psychology? a. Diffusion of responsibility b. Compliance c. Cognitive dissonance d. Conformity Answer: a. Diffusion of responsibility

17. Question: Which term refers to the tendency to explain the behavior of others based on internal factors, underestimating situational influences? a. Attribution b. Stereotyping c. Discrimination d. Prejudice Answer: a. Attribution

18. Question: Social psychology is primarily concerned with understanding how individuals are influenced by: a. Biological factors b. Socioeconomic factors c. Social processes and interactions d. Personal goals and aspirations Answer: c. Social processes and interactions

19. Question: The concept of "groupthink" refers to: a. The tendency for group members to conform to a decision without critical evaluation of alternatives b. The tendency to resist new ideas and opinions within a group c. The tendency for group members to engage in conflict and disagreement d. The tendency for groups to dissolve over time due to internal conflicts Answer: a. The tendency for group members to conform to a decision without critical evaluation of alternatives

20. Question: The "mere exposure effect" in social psychology suggests that: a. Familiarity with a person or thing increases liking for them b. Exposure to negative experiences decreases liking for a person or thing c. Exposure to neutral experiences has no impact on liking d. Familiarity only decreases liking for a person or thing Answer: a. Familiarity with a person or thing increases liking for them

21. Question: Which theory proposes that people are more likely to comply with a request if it follows an initial, smaller request? a. Elaboration likelihood model b. Foot-in-the-door technique c. Bait-and-switch technique d. Groupthink theory Answer: b. Foot-in-the-door technique

22. Question: The concept of "in-group" and "out-group" is central to which theory in social psychology? a. Social exchange theory b. Social identity theory c. Group polarization theory d. Cognitive dissonance theory Answer: b. Social identity theory

23. Question: According to the social exchange theory, individuals engage in social interactions based on: a. Norms and cultural practices b. Reciprocity and perceived rewards or costs c. Personal beliefs and values d. Emotional needs and desires Answer: b. Reciprocity and perceived rewards or costs

24. Question: The theory that people categorize themselves and others into social groups based on shared characteristics is known as: a. Social identity theory b. Groupthink theory c. Social exchange theory d. Social influence theory Answer: a. Social identity theory

25. Question: The concept of "norms" in social psychology refers to: a. Explicit rules established by an authority b. Implicit rules or expectations within a group or society c. Economic principles governing behavior d. Moral absolutes guiding behavior Answer: b. Implicit rules or expectations within a group or society

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