25 MCQ on Gender Perspectives on Development

25 MCQ on Gender Perspectives on Development

 1. Gender mainstreaming in development aims to:

a) Promote equal opportunities and outcomes for women and men in all areas of decision-making and development b) Focus on women's development exclusively c) Exclude men from development initiatives d) Promote a traditional gender hierarchy Answer: a) Promote equal opportunities and outcomes for women and men in all areas of decision-making and development

2. "Gender equality" refers to: a) Equal treatment and opportunities for individuals regardless of their gender b) Favoring women over men in various societal roles c) Supporting the dominance of men in society d) Equal representation of men and women in leadership roles Answer: a) Equal treatment and opportunities for individuals regardless of their gender

3. "Gender-based violence" includes acts such as: a) Physical, sexual, and psychological harm inflicted on an individual based on their gender b) Competition between genders in the workplace c) Verbal disagreements between genders d) Equal treatment of men and women in society Answer: a) Physical, sexual, and psychological harm inflicted on an individual based on their gender

4. "Empowerment of women" involves: a) Enhancing women's ability to make strategic life choices and influence societal decisions b) Giving women preferential treatment in all areas of life c) Marginalizing women from decision-making processes d) Encouraging dependency among women Answer: a) Enhancing women's ability to make strategic life choices and influence societal decisions

5. "Patriarchy" refers to: a) A social system where men hold primary power and predominate in roles of political leadership, moral authority, social privilege, and control of property b) A social system where women hold primary power and authority c) A balanced power structure between men and women d) A society without any power structure Answer: a) A social system where men hold primary power and predominate in roles of political leadership, moral authority, social privilege, and control of property

6. "Gender wage gap" refers to: a) The difference in earnings between men and women in the workforce b) The difference in wages between different industries c) The difference in wages based on education level d) The equal wages for men and women in the workforce Answer: a) The difference in earnings between men and women in the workforce

7. "Gender-responsive budgeting" involves: a) Analyzing government budgets to assess their impact on gender equality and women's empowerment b) Allocating the budget to favor one gender over another c) Eliminating budgets for gender-specific programs d) Keeping the budget neutral with regard to gender considerations Answer: a) Analyzing government budgets to assess their impact on gender equality and women's empowerment

8. "Stereotypes" related to gender refer to: a) Oversimplified and fixed ideas about the roles and attributes of men and women b) Balanced views of men and women's roles in society c) Rational judgments about gender differences d) Eliminating any differences between men and women Answer: a) Oversimplified and fixed ideas about the roles and attributes of men and women

9. "Gender division of labor" refers to: a) The allocation of different tasks and responsibilities to individuals based on their gender b) Equal distribution of tasks and responsibilities in a society c) The elimination of labor divisions based on gender d) The concentration of labor in specific industries Answer: a) The allocation of different tasks and responsibilities to individuals based on their gender

10. "Triple burden" faced by women typically includes: a) Unpaid domestic work, productive work, and community work b) Unpaid domestic work, education, and productive work c) Paid work, productive work, and community work d) Paid work, unpaid domestic work, and education Answer: a) Unpaid domestic work, productive work, and community work

11. "Feminization of poverty" refers to: a) The disproportionate representation of women among the world's poor b) The equal distribution of poverty among men and women c) The concentration of poverty in urban areas d) The eradication of poverty in society Answer: a) The disproportionate representation of women among the world's poor

12. "Women's reproductive rights" encompass: a) The right to make decisions about one's own reproductive health and sexuality b) The right to bear children only c) The right to have limited access to reproductive healthcare d) The right to have mandatory family planning Answer: a) The right to make decisions about one's own reproductive health and sexuality

13. "Gender-sensitive education" involves: a) Education that takes into account the specific needs and circumstances of both males and females b) Education that focuses only on the needs of one gender c) Education without considering gender differences d) Education that promotes traditional gender roles Answer: a) Education that takes into account the specific needs and circumstances of both males and females

14. "Gender and development (GAD)" approach aims to: a) Promote women's social and economic empowerment and challenge traditional gender roles and inequalities b) Exclude women from development initiatives c) Focus solely on men's development d) Reinforce traditional gender roles and inequalities Answer: a) Promote women's social and economic empowerment and challenge traditional gender roles and inequalities

15. "Intersectionality" in gender studies refers to: a) The interconnected nature of social categorizations such as gender, race, and class, which create overlapping and interdependent systems of discrimination or disadvantage b) The isolated study of gender without considering other social categories c) The prioritization of one social category over others d) The complete separation of social categories in analysis Answer: a) The interconnected nature of social categorizations such as gender, race, and class, which create overlapping and interdependent systems of discrimination or disadvantage

16. "Gender gap in political representation" refers to: a) The difference in the number of men and women holding political office b) Equal representation of men and women in political roles c) The disparity in voting patterns between genders d) The lack of political representation for both genders Answer: a) The difference in the number of men and women holding political office

17. "Sex" refers to: a) Biological differences between male and female bodies b) Societal roles and expectations associated with gender c) Equal opportunities for both genders d) Gender identity and expression Answer: a) Biological differences between male and female bodies

18. "Glass ceiling" represents: a) Invisible barriers hindering women's progress to top leadership positions in organizations b) Transparent workspaces promoting equality c) Glass panels in office buildings d) Encouragement for women to pursue leadership positions Answer: a) Invisible barriers hindering women's progress to top leadership positions in organizations

19. "Feminism" advocates for: a) Gender equality and the rights of women based on social, political, and economic equality to men b) The superiority of women over men c) A matriarchal society d) Gender segregation Answer: a) Gender equality and the rights of women based on social, political, and economic equality to men

20. "Maternal mortality" refers to: a) The death of a woman during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy b) The death of a woman due to any cause c) The death of a child during childbirth d) The death of a woman due to a non-gender-related cause Answer: a) The death of a woman during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy

21. "Gender-responsive disaster risk reduction" involves: a) Ensuring that disaster risk reduction policies and practices address the specific needs and vulnerabilities of both genders b) Focusing only on disaster relief efforts c) Excluding gender considerations in disaster risk reduction d) Prioritizing men's safety during disasters Answer: a) Ensuring that disaster risk reduction policies and practices address the specific needs and vulnerabilities of both genders

22. "Female genital mutilation (FGM)" involves: a) The partial or total removal of the female external genitalia for non-medical reasons b) The medical enhancement of female external genitalia c) The equal treatment of male and female genitalia d) The medical enhancement of male external genitalia Answer: a) The partial or total removal of the female external genitalia for non-medical reasons

23. "Gender-based budgeting" aims to: a) Analyze how government budgets impact women and men differently b) Allocate the budget to favor one gender over another c) Eliminate budgets for gender-specific programs d) Keep the budget neutral with regard to gender considerations Answer: a) Analyze how government budgets impact women and men differently

24. "Transgender" refers to: a) A person whose gender identity differs from the sex assigned to them at birth b) A person who identifies with the gender they were assigned at birth c) A person who is biologically intersex d) A person who does not identify with any gender Answer: a) A person whose gender identity differs from the sex assigned to them at birth

25. "Gender-sensitive indicators" in development are used to: a) Measure progress toward gender equality and women's empowerment b) Promote gender stereotypes c) Discourage gender-sensitive policies d) Ignore gender disparities in development Answer: a) Measure progress toward gender equality and women's empowerment

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