25 MCQ on Types of Disaster-I (Hydro-Meteorological Disasters and Geo-Hazards).

25 MCQ on Types of Disaster-I (Hydro-Meteorological Disasters and Geo-Hazards). 

1. Which of the following is a hydro-meteorological disaster? A. Earthquake B. Flood C. Landslide D. Volcanic eruption Answer: B

2. What is the primary cause of a flood? A. Heavy rainfall and storm surges B. Earthquakes C. Volcanic eruptions D. Landslides Answer: A

3. A hurricane is an example of which type of disaster? A. Hydro-meteorological B. Geological C. Technological D. Ecological Answer: A

4. What is the primary cause of a drought? A. Insufficient rainfall over an extended period B. Heavy rainfall and flooding C. Earthquakes D. Landslides Answer: A

5. A cyclone is another term for a: A. Hurricane B. Flood C. Earthquake D. Volcanic eruption Answer: A

6. What is a geomorphological hazard? A. Landslide B. Flood C. Hurricane D. Drought Answer: A

7. Which disaster is primarily associated with excessive accumulation of snow and ice? A. Avalanche B. Tornado C. Cyclone D. Drought Answer: A

8. What type of disaster is triggered by the shifting of tectonic plates beneath the Earth's surface? A. Geological B. Meteorological C. Hydrological D. Climatological Answer: A

9. A tsunami is primarily caused by: A. Underwater earthquakes and volcanic eruptions B. Heavy rainfall C. Strong winds D. Landslides Answer: A

10. Hailstorms and blizzards are examples of which type of disaster? A. Meteorological B. Hydrological C. Climatological D. Geological Answer: A

11. What is the primary cause of a landslide? A. Soil erosion and deforestation B. Heavy rainfall and flooding C. Tectonic plate movement D. Excessive snow accumulation Answer: A

12. What is the primary cause of a tornado? A. Rotating updrafts within severe thunderstorms B. Heavy rainfall and flooding C. Underwater earthquakes D. Excessive snow accumulation Answer: A

13. Which disaster is caused by the sudden shaking or movement of the Earth's surface? A. Earthquake B. Tsunami C. Avalanche D. Drought Answer: A

14. A volcanic eruption is a type of: A. Geological hazard B. Meteorological hazard C. Hydrological hazard D. Climatological hazard Answer: A

15. What is a climatological hazard? A. Extreme temperatures, drought, and frost B. Earthquakes C. Tsunamis D. Landslides Answer: A

16. A wildfire is primarily a: A. Climatological hazard B. Geological hazard C. Hydrological hazard D. Meteorological hazard Answer: A

17. What type of disaster is primarily associated with the movement of glaciers and icebergs? A. Glacial lake outburst B. Hailstorm C. Tsunami D. Earthquake Answer: A

18. A sinkhole is an example of a: A. Geological hazard B. Meteorological hazard C. Hydrological hazard D. Climatological hazard Answer: A

19. What type of disaster is primarily associated with volcanic ash and gases? A. Volcanic eruption B. Avalanche C. Tornado D. Flood Answer: A

20. An ice storm is an example of which type of disaster? A. Meteorological hazard B. Geological hazard C. Hydrological hazard D. Climatological hazard Answer: A

21. A heatwave is an example of a: A. Climatological hazard B. Geological hazard C. Hydrological hazard D. Meteorological hazard Answer: A

22. What type of disaster is primarily associated with extreme wind speeds and atmospheric pressure differences? A. Cyclone B. Tsunami C. Volcanic eruption D. Earthquake Answer: A

23. A landslide triggered by heavy rainfall is an example of: A. Hydro-meteorological hazard B. Geological hazard C. Hydrological hazard D. Climatological hazard Answer: A

24. A mudslide is an example of which type of disaster? A. Geological hazard B. Meteorological hazard C. Hydrological hazard D. Climatological hazard Answer: A

25. A forest fire is primarily a: A. Climatological hazard B. Geological hazard C. Hydrological hazard D. Meteorological hazard Answer: A

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