Areas, Principles and functions of Social welfare administration


Social welfare administration is a process through which social policy is transformed into social services. It involves the administration of public and private agencies. Social welfare administration, it has twin concepts denoting social welfare and administration. It refers to the overall development of society having certain managements from government and non-governmental guidelines. "It is the study for development", a process where providing resources and services meet the needs of individuals, groups, and communities, who were poor, needy, and the destitute. Proper administration is needed to remove poverty, social malfunctions, child issues, women issues, etc. so for that we should work/serve for the wellbeing of the people. It is essential, where such sections of our society could get better treatment by social policymakers, planners, welfare administrators, etc. It aims to apply professional competence to achieve social work goals.

But in modern times, many of the countries have adopted the concept of a welfare state instead of a police state. The Encyclopaedia of Social Sciences describes a welfare state as a state which takes up the responsibility to provide a minimum standard of subsistence to its citizens. Prof. Kent remarked that by a welfare state we mean a state which provides extensive services to the people. Thus, in a welfare state, the administration enters into the economic, political, social, and educational life of individuals. And it provides services to individuals, right from an individual's birth to death. The state is to serve the old, sick, orphans, widows, helpless, oppressed, and disabled people whenever they need services. In the context of the present-day social problems, the size of welfare services provided by an increasingly large number of organizations makes administration very important. Social welfare services, schemes, projects, and programmers, are becoming increasingly complex. Since it is no longer accepted that any normally intelligent person with good intentions can administer the welfare work, a sound administration is vital. It is increasingly realized that social welfare programmers require qualified and trained social welfare personnel to perform social welfare functions efficiently.

Principles of social welfare administration

Principle of cultural setting: It is so very important to understand the socio-cultural setting of the community. These norms and values greatly influence the administration. We need to keep the cultural setting in mind while executing programs in the community.

Principle of communication: Communication is the two-way process, it forms good relations. Where target groups freely able to come for discussion about their fault.

Principle of participation: People's participation is mandatory to achieve such target groups they are called Primary stakeholders.

Principle of leadership: As an administrator, we should be inspired to other people and they must look up to you and become a role model. This kind of leadership requires along with the participatory approach.

Principle of planning: in this context of development planning has to be participatory involving service users. Before you do any activity proper planning should be there.

Principle of organizing: It says the workers should arrange any events or programs in an organized manner. And responsibilities must be structured out so that there will be no confusion, as far as the division of work is concerned and finally it gets a successful result.

Principle of growth: Growth defines here the holistic development of the people.

Social Welfare and its related concepts

Social service: Helping to the helpless in social service, the term refers to donate people voluntarily that may be to an individual, group, and community, meets their needs, and enhances them to maintain quality of life.

Social welfare services: It, designs for weaker sections, to uplift from the worse situation. It is a service which enables provided to the weaker sections of the community to help them to reach the mainstream of society

Social security: It is a wider concept of social welfare, the work of social security is done through social assistance, social insurance, health, and social welfare services, etc.

Social work: Social work is a method or process based on scientific knowledge and skill to assist the individuals, groups and communities, to enhance their social functioning to grow with their knowledge, capacities, and capabilities. 

Social welfare: It aims to provide such services to weaker sections of the population who are in various handicaps such as physical, mental, economic and social, who unable to make use of social services provided by society

Social welfare administration: It contains, The Administration is the process of transforming community resources into a programmed of community service, with goals, policies, and standards which has been agreed by those involved in the social activities. It is creative in that it structures roles and relationships in such a way.

Functions of social welfare administration

·         Determining the purpose, goal, and aims of the organization.

·         Establishing the structure of the organization.

·         Working with bonds and comities.

·         Providing financial assistance.

·         During work, selecting and developing adequate staff.

 Areas of Social welfare administration

·         Organization and structure

·         Public relations

·         Maintenance of proper records

·         Policy making and planning

·         Supervision and leadership


A social worker to be a professional is incomplete without the Social welfare Administration. Social worker aims to provide service to every individual in the society and social welfare administration is not a business of social work. The welfare administration helps, professionally doing social work in society. It is a secondary method that helps social workers to solve their facing problems. It offers an opportunity for social workers to practice in the field. Without any administration, we cannot get a solution through practice.

In modern times, all human activities are concerned with money. But in a profession, an effort is made to see that service motto should prevail over monetary considerations. Professionals should keep social interest in their minds while charging fees for their professional services. For example, a doctor helps the patient, not only to charge a fee but also to serve humanity in the process. A lawyer helps the client, not to charge the fee only but to provide justice to the client. Similarly, a social welfare administrator administers the social welfare programmers, not only for money and personal satisfaction but uses his/ her knowledge and skills to serve the larger interest of the society.


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