Top 7 Principles of Social Work

Social work is a subject; it determines the interrelationship between theory and practice. Theories always help to improve social functioning.

Social Work Profession promotes social change, problem-solving in human relationships, and the empowerment and liberation of people to enhance well being. Utilizing theories into the practice of human behavior and social systems, here it intervenes at the points where people interact with their environment. Principles of human rights and social justice are fundamental to social work. It is a helping profession which carried out with a variety of methods including both primary and secondary methods.

Objectives of the social work principles:

1.       It develops a professional relationships.

2.       Able to assessing and managing risks.

3.       To provide information.

4.       To empower people.

5.       Dare to challenge the abuse of human rights.

6.        To maintain confidentiality.

7.       Create self-awareness in professional services.

The seven basic principles are including:-

1.       Individualization: It speaks about each person’s uniqueness having with their own qualities, thoughts, when we work with the people social worker must aware of the fact that the person is unique. It is applicable in groups and community settings.

2.       Purposeful expression of feelings: This principle represents, when people are in great distress situation, they feel helpless and don’t understand what to do, at that time it is important to express to their feeling and thoughts without judgment and asking too many questions. Social worker should be an active listener and him/she should always patient fully listen to him/her clients' problems with proper body language.

3.       Acceptance:  A social worker always learns to accept people with their originality, they never discriminate against people with their color or caste. Whether they come from different backgrounds, with different languages, etc. A social worker needs to accept everyone respectfully and positively deals with them. Here the worker should keep in mind a person is not a bad rather his/her actions may be.

4.       Controlled emotional involvement:  A person comes to you with having emotions, feeling tiredness, sadness, storytelling with heartbreaking, etc. Many times they are in distress and crisis, it is very necessary to solve their problems without showing empathetic. So that social worker should limit their emotion while dealing with the client’s condition.    

5.       Non judgemental attitude: It speaks about a social worker must delay his/her judgement while working with people. You should not judge a client while he/she is sharing his/her problem with you. So after listening to the problem you should decide and suggest him/her accordingly.

6.       Self-determination:  A social worker should never interfere with him/her clients on their decision. They should be self-determined. The role of a social worker is to assists the client in taking an appropriate decision, which based on their best interest of the client.

7.       Confidentiality: It is the master of the above principles; it defines “what you say here it stays here”. Perfect confidentiality should be always a social workers' first principle. In human services confidentiality is a central principle defining the relationship between the worker and the client. When social workers do have to reveal confidential client information, it is important that they do so openly and in a way that maintains the client's dignity. No client should be completely surprised, since a social worker is required to make clients aware of the limits and exceptions to confidentiality at the first meeting.

Role of Social Workers

1.Social workers have responsibilities to promote the welfare of all with special regard to disadvantaged or oppressed groups and individual

2.They should ensure that all persons have access to the social welfare services about their needs and create an anti-discriminatory society.

3.Social workers should facilitate the process of involvement by the public, particularly service users, in influencing social policies and practices. 

4.Social workers should ensure that action plans set out by Court Orders or other bodies are carried through and implemented.

I can conclude here, the role of a social worker varied. Social workers face many issues while working with different groups. They work with people of all ages and provide services regarding their needs.  These core principles must be applied in focused areas, where social worker identify the grassroots issues and show them the way they must recover his/her existing problem. They are not being discriminated against by their age, sex, color, caste, and religion. While working in people’s forum, they should feel safe and confident to share their story with trust. Never show them negative extrovert action for what they get harm. Social worker's aim is to work for the betterment of the society where excluded people must be included in any sphere. Provide them opportunity and scopes to enjoy their rights and teach about extracurricular activities. So for that they mean to work with the most vulnerable group of our society. He/she always tries to uplift backward group from bottom to top. They must be professional at all times.



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