Social work is a subject; it determines the interrelationship
between theory and practice. Theories always help to improve social
Social Work Profession promotes social change, problem-solving in human relationships, and the empowerment and liberation of people to
enhance well being. Utilizing theories into the practice of human behavior and
social systems, here it intervenes at the points where people interact with
their environment. Principles of human rights and social justice are
fundamental to social work. It is a helping profession which carried out with
a variety of methods including both primary and secondary methods.
Objectives of the social work principles:
1.It develops a professional relationships.
2.Able to assessing and managing risks.
3.To provide information.
4.To empower people.
5.Dare to challenge the abuse of human rights.
7.Create self-awareness in professional services.
The seven basic principles are including:-
1.Individualization: It speaks about each person’s
uniqueness having with their own qualities, thoughts, when we work with the
people social worker must aware of the fact that the person is unique. It is
applicable in groups and community settings.
2.Purposeful expression of feelings: This principle represents, when
people are in great distress situation, they feel helpless and don’t
understand what to do, at that time it is important to express to their feeling
and thoughts without judgment and asking too many questions. Social worker
should be an active listener and him/she should always patient fully listen to him/her
clients' problems with proper body language.
3.Acceptance:A social worker always learns to accept people with their originality,
they never discriminate against people with their color or caste. Whether they come
from different backgrounds, with different languages, etc. A social worker needs
to accept everyone respectfully and positively deals with them. Here the worker
should keep in mind a person is not a bad rather his/her actions may be.
4.Controlled emotional involvement:A person comes to you with having emotions, feeling tiredness, sadness, storytelling
with heartbreaking, etc. Many times they are in distress and crisis, it is very
necessary to solve their problems without showing empathetic. So that
social worker should limit their emotion while dealing with the client’s condition.
5.Non judgemental attitude: It speaks about a social worker
must delay his/her judgement while working with people. You should not judge a
client while he/she is sharing his/her problem with you. So after listening to
the problem you should decide and suggest him/her accordingly.
6.Self-determination:A social worker should never interfere with him/her
clients on their decision. They should be self-determined. The role of a social
worker is to assists the client in taking an appropriate decision, which based
on their best interest of the client.
7.Confidentiality: It is the master of the above principles;
it defines “what you say here it stays here”. Perfect confidentiality should be
always a social workers' first principle. In human services confidentiality is a central principle
defining the relationship between the worker and the client. When social workers
do have to reveal confidential client information, it is important that they do
so openly and in a way that maintains the client's dignity. No client should be
completely surprised, since a social worker is required to make clients aware
of the limits and exceptions to confidentiality at the first meeting.
Role of Social Workers
1.Social workers have responsibilities to promote
the welfare of all with special regard to disadvantaged or oppressed groups and
should ensure that all persons have access to the social welfare services about
their needs and create an anti-discriminatory society.
workers should facilitate the process of involvement by the public,
particularly service users, in influencing social policies and practices.
workers should ensure that action plans set out by Court Orders or other bodies
are carried through and implemented.
I can conclude here, the role of a social worker varied. Social
workers face many issues while working with different groups. They work with
people of all ages and provide services regarding their needs. These
core principles must be applied in focused areas, where social worker identify
the grassroots issues and show them the way they must recover his/her existing
problem. They are not being discriminated against by their age, sex, color, caste, and
religion. While working in people’s forum, they should feel safe and confident
to share their story with trust. Never show them negative extrovert action for
what they get harm. Social worker's aim is to work for the betterment of the society
where excluded people must be included in any sphere. Provide them opportunity
and scopes to enjoy their rights and teach about extracurricular activities. So
for that they mean to work with the most vulnerable group of our society.
He/she always tries to uplift backward group from bottom to top. They must be
professional at all times.