35 List of Important Legislation on Environment

God's greatest gift to man is the environment. The existence of life on this planet depends on both its biotic living components, such as plants, animals, and people, as well as its abiotic components, such as air, water, and light. For the benefit of everyone's knowledge, we are providing the following list of environmental and ecological laws in India that address the impacts of human activity on the environment.

Environmental laws

Year

Easement Act

1882

Indian Fisheries Act

1897

Factories Act

1948 and amended in 1987

River Boards Act

1956

Merchant Shipping Act

1970

Wildlife Protection Act

1972-73 and Amendment in 1991

Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act

1974

Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act

1977

Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Rules

1978

Forest (Conservation) Act and Rules

1980-81

Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act

1981

Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Rules

1982

Environment (Protection) Act

1986

Environment (Protection) Rules

1986

Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Amendment Act

1987

Objective of Hazardous Waste (Management and Handling) Rules

1989

Manufacture, Storage, and Import of Hazardous Rules

1989

Manufacture, Use, Import, Export, and Storage of hazardous Micro-organisms/ Genetically Engineered Organisms or Cells Rules

1989

Coastal Regulation Zone Notification

1991

Public Liability Insurance Act and Rules

1991 and Amendment in  1992

National Environmental Tribunal Act

1995

National Environment Appellate Authority Act

1997

Biomedical waste (Management and Handling) Rules

1998

Environment (Siting for Industrial Projects) Rules

1999

Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules

2000

Ozone Depleting Substances (Regulation and Control) Rules

2000

Batteries (Management and Handling) Rules

2001

Noise Pollution (Regulation and Control) (Amendment) Rules

2002

Biological Diversity Act

2002

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