MCQ on Sustainable Development: Concept, Strategies, Critical issues


  1. What is the primary goal of sustainable development? a) Economic growth b) Environmental protection c) Social progress d) All of the above

Answer: d) All of the above

  1. Sustainable development aims to meet the needs of the __________ without compromising the ability of __________ to meet their own needs. a) Present generation; future generations b) Future generations; present generation c) Developed countries; developing countries d) Developing countries; developed countries

Answer: a) Present generation; future generations

  1. Which of the following is a critical issue in sustainable development? a) Technological innovation b) Poverty eradication c) Economic disparities d) Overconsumption of resources

Answer: d) Overconsumption of resources

  1. True or False: Climate change poses significant threats to ecosystems and human health but does not impact vulnerable communities. Answer: False

  2. What does sustainable development aim to achieve in terms of social equity? a) Gender equality b) Fair distribution of resources c) Access to education and healthcare d) All of the above

Answer: d) All of the above

  1. Which sector should integrate sustainability into its policies to drive the transition towards a low-carbon economy? a) Education b) Agriculture c) Energy d) Manufacturing

Answer: c) Energy

  1. What is the concept of sustainable consumption and production? a) Promoting responsible consumption patterns b) Reducing waste generation c) Embracing circular economy principles d) All of the above

Answer: d) All of the above

  1. Which of the following is a strategy for achieving sustainable development? a) Economic prosperity only b) Environmental stewardship only c) Social equity only d) Collaboration and partnerships

Answer: d) Collaboration and partnerships

  1. True or False: Biodiversity loss and habitat destruction have no impact on ecosystems. Answer: False

  2. What is the role of education and awareness in sustainable development? a) Empower individuals and communities b) Foster responsible choices and behaviors c) Promote informed decision-making d) All of the above

Answer: d) All of the above


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