20 MCQ on Social Groups: Characteristics and Significance

20 MCQ on Social Groups: Characteristics and Significance 

1. Question: What defines a social group in sociology? a) A group of people with similar physical appearances b) A collection of individuals who share common interests, beliefs, or activities c) A group of people who live in the same neighborhood d) A group of people belonging to the same ethnicity Answer: b) A collection of individuals who share common interests, beliefs, or activities

2. Question: What distinguishes an "in-group" from an "out-group" in social psychology? a) An in-group has higher status and privilege b) An in-group has fewer members c) An in-group has less influence in society d) An in-group is isolated from society Answer: a) An in-group has higher status and privilege

3. Question: What is a characteristic of a formal social group? a) Membership is based on personal choice and interest b) Membership is involuntary and ascribed by birth c) There are no official rules or structure d) There are specific roles, rules, and regulations Answer: d) There are specific roles, rules, and regulations

4. Question: What does "cohesion" mean in the context of social groups? a) Conflict and disagreements within the group b) A sense of solidarity and togetherness among group members c) The desire to separate from the group d) A lack of organization within the group Answer: b) A sense of solidarity and togetherness among group members

5. Question: What does "groupthink" refer to in social psychology? a) The tendency of group members to conform to a unanimous decision without critical analysis b) The competition among group members to gain higher social status c) The intentional isolation of a group from the larger society d) The formation of subgroups within a larger group Answer: a) The tendency of group members to conform to a unanimous decision without critical analysis

6. Question: What is a characteristic of a primary group in sociology? a) Impersonal relationships and interactions b) Short-term relationships based on specific goals c) Intimate, long-term relationships, and emotional bonds d) Formal and bureaucratic structure Answer: c) Intimate, long-term relationships, and emotional bonds

7. Question: What is the significance of social groups in society? a) They encourage individualism and discourage collective actions b) They provide a sense of identity, belonging, and social support c) They isolate individuals from the broader society d) They promote conflicts and divisions within the community Answer: b) They provide a sense of identity, belonging, and social support

8. Question: What does "norms" refer to within a social group? a) Accepted behaviors, expectations, and rules within the group b) The leaders and authorities within the group c) The conflicts and disagreements within the group d) The historical background of the group Answer: a) Accepted behaviors, expectations, and rules within the group

9. Question: What is a characteristic of an "interest group" in political sociology? a) It aims to control the government and gain political power b) It is primarily focused on cultural and social activities c) It has no specific agenda or goals d) It is concerned with the welfare of its members Answer: a) It aims to control the government and gain political power

10. Question: What does "reference group" mean in sociology? a) A group to which an individual compares themselves and their behaviors b) A group that enforces strict rules and regulations c) A group with the highest social status in society d) A group with no influence on an individual's behavior Answer: a) A group to which an individual compares themselves and their behaviors

11. Question: In a "formal organization," what is a common characteristic? a) Informal communication and loose structure b) Voluntary membership and lack of rules c) Hierarchical structure and clear rules and regulations d) Absence of authority and leadership Answer: c) Hierarchical structure and clear rules and regulations

12. Question: What is the role of a "leader" in a social group? a) To create conflicts and divisions within the group b) To enforce strict norms and rules c) To provide guidance, direction, and coordination within the group d) To avoid any decision-making and maintain status quo Answer: c) To provide guidance, direction, and coordination within the group

13. Question: What is an "aggregate" in social grouping terminology? a) A collection of individuals who are physically close to each other b) A temporary gathering of people with a common purpose c) A group with strong emotional bonds and long-term relationships d) A group with a formal structure and clear hierarchy Answer: a) A collection of individuals who are physically close to each other

14. Question: In social group dynamics, what does "conformity" mean? a) The process of challenging group norms and behaviors b) The tendency to align one's attitudes and behaviors with those of the group c) The formation of subgroups within the larger group d) The desire to remain isolated from the group Answer: b) The tendency to align one's attitudes and behaviors with those of the group

15. Question: What is a characteristic of a "secondary group" in sociology? a) Strong emotional bonds and personal relationships b) Short-term interactions and specific goals c) Informal structure and lack of rules d) Low influence on an individual's identity and behavior Answer: b) Short-term interactions and specific goals

16. Question: What does "group cohesion" refer to in social psychology? a) The tendency of a group to splinter into smaller subgroups b) The degree of connection and unity among group members c) The competition for resources and power within a group d) The tendency of a group to resist external influence Answer: b) The degree of connection and unity among group members

17. Question: What is a defining characteristic of an "ephemeral group"? a) It has a permanent and stable structure b) It exists for a short duration with a specific purpose c) It is characterized by long-term relationships d) It includes only family members Answer: b) It exists for a short duration with a specific purpose

18. Question: What is a characteristic of a "self-help group" in social organizations? a) It aims to undermine collective interests and goals b) It focuses on individuals' personal development and growth c) It discourages individuals from seeking help and support d) It imposes strict rules and regulations on its members Answer: b) It focuses on individuals' personal development and growth

19. Question: What does "stigmatization" mean in the context of social groups? a) The process of gaining social acceptance within a group b) The tendency to form cliques within a larger group c) The labeling and discrimination of individuals based on perceived differences d) The effort to integrate diverse groups into one cohesive unit Answer: c) The labeling and discrimination of individuals based on perceived differences

20. Question: What does "social loafing" refer to in group dynamics? a) The tendency of group members to exert less effort when working collectively b) The willingness of group members to contribute equally to a shared goal c) The competitive behavior within a group to achieve personal success d) The tendency of group members to dominate the decision-making process Answer: a) The tendency of group members to exert less effort when working collectively

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