25 MCQ on Defense Mechanisms and Stress

25 MCQ on Defense Mechanisms and Stress

 1. Question: Defense mechanisms are psychological strategies used by individuals to:

a. Cope with stress and anxiety b. Resolve conflicts with others c. Achieve peak performance d. Enhance memory and learning Answer: a. Cope with stress and anxiety

2. Question: Projection as a defense mechanism involves: a. Attributing one's own unacceptable thoughts or feelings to someone else b. Overestimating one's abilities and accomplishments c. Denying the existence of a problem d. Returning to an earlier, more comfortable stage of life Answer: a. Attributing one's own unacceptable thoughts or feelings to someone else

3. Question: Rationalization, as a defense mechanism, involves: a. Offering logical or reasonable explanations for behavior rather than admitting the true, unconscious reasons b. Distorting reality to escape from distressing thoughts or feelings c. Avoiding situations or thoughts that trigger anxiety d. Reverting to immature patterns of behavior Answer: a. Offering logical or reasonable explanations for behavior rather than admitting the true, unconscious reasons

4. Question: When an individual channels unacceptable impulses into socially acceptable activities, it is an example of which defense mechanism? a. Sublimation b. Repression c. Regression d. Reaction formation Answer: a. Sublimation

5. Question: Displacement, as a defense mechanism, involves: a. Redirecting an impulse from an unacceptable target to a more acceptable or less threatening target b. Blocking distressing thoughts or feelings from consciousness c. Returning to a previous stage of development d. Expressing the opposite of how one truly feels Answer: a. Redirecting an impulse from an unacceptable target to a more acceptable or less threatening target

6. Question: "Fight or flight" response is a physiological reaction associated with: a. Defense mechanisms b. Stress response c. Coping strategies d. Adaptation Answer: b. Stress response

7. Question: Which defense mechanism involves reverting to behaviors characteristic of an earlier stage of development in the face of stress? a. Regression b. Repression c. Denial d. Displacement Answer: a. Regression

8. Question: Which defense mechanism involves avoiding thoughts, feelings, or situations that are anxiety-provoking? a. Avoidance b. Suppression c. Repression d. Projection Answer: a. Avoidance

9. Question: Chronic stress can lead to a variety of physical and mental health issues, including: a. Increased immune function b. Lower blood pressure c. Cardiovascular problems d. Enhanced memory and cognitive performance Answer: c. Cardiovascular problems

10. Question: The general adaptation syndrome (GAS) model, proposed by Hans Selye, consists of which three stages? a. Alarm, resistance, exhaustion b. Alarm, coping, recovery c. Stressor, appraisal, response d. Denial, acceptance, adaptation Answer: a. Alarm, resistance, exhaustion

11. Question: Repression involves: a. Blocking distressing thoughts or feelings from consciousness b. Redirecting an impulse from an unacceptable target to a more acceptable one c. Attributing one's own unacceptable thoughts or feelings to someone else d. Offering logical or reasonable explanations for behavior rather than admitting the true reasons Answer: a. Blocking distressing thoughts or feelings from consciousness

12. Question: A defense mechanism where one expresses the opposite of how they truly feel is: a. Repression b. Displacement c. Reaction formation d. Regression Answer: c. Reaction formation

13. Question: "Tend-and-befriend" response to stress is more common in: a. Males b. Females c. Children d. Older adults Answer: b. Females

14. Question: The stress hormone released during the body's "fight or flight" response is called: a. Serotonin b. Cortisol c. Endorphin d. Dopamine Answer: b. Cortisol

15. Question: A defense mechanism where one retreats to behaviors characteristic of an earlier stage of development is known as: a. Regression b. Rationalization c. Denial d. Sublimation Answer: a. Regression

16. Question: Which defense mechanism involves offering a logical but false explanation to justify unacceptable behavior? a. Rationalization b. Denial c. Sublimation d. Displacement Answer: a. Rationalization

17. Question: What is the term for a defense mechanism that involves refusing to accept reality or the truth? a. Denial b. Repression c. Regression d. Reaction formation Answer: a. Denial

18. Question: When a person attributes their own unacceptable feelings or impulses to another person, they are using: a. Projection b. Sublimation c. Repression d. Displacement Answer: a. Projection

19. Question: Which stage of the general adaptation syndrome involves the body's resources being depleted and the individual becoming more susceptible to illness or physical problems? a. Alarm stage b. Resistance stage c. Exhaustion stage d. Coping stage Answer: c. Exhaustion stage

20. Question: Which type of stressor refers to events such as natural disasters or traumatic incidents that are beyond an individual's control? a. Acute stressor b. Chronic stressor c. Catastrophic stressor d. Daily hassles Answer: c. Catastrophic stressor

21. Question: When a person channels their aggression or anger towards a safe or acceptable target, they are using: a. Projection b. Displacement c. Regression d. Rationalization Answer: b. Displacement

22. Question: The transactional model of stress, proposed by Lazarus and Folkman, emphasizes: a. The impact of chronic stress on health b. The interaction between an individual and their environment in appraising and coping with stress c. The role of genetics in stress response d. The relationship between stress and physiological reactions Answer: b. The interaction between an individual and their environment in appraising and coping with stress

23. Question: Which hormone is often referred to as the "feel-good" hormone and is associated with stress reduction and pleasure? a. Cortisol b. Serotonin c. Endorphin d. Adrenaline Answer: c. Endorphin

24. Question: Which of the following is a type of chronic stressor? a. Losing a job b. Traffic jam c. Getting a low grade on a test d. Spilling coffee on your shirt Answer: a. Losing a job

25. Question: The process of adapting well in the face of adversity, trauma, tragedy, or stress is known as: a. Resilience b. Coping c. Adaptation d. Absorption Answer: a. Resilience

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