25 MCQ on Gandhian Social Work: The Historical Perspective

25 MCQ on Gandhian Social Work: The Historical Perspective


 1. Question: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi initiated his social work in South Africa primarily to address the grievances of:

a. Indian indentured laborers b. European settlers c. African tribes d. British merchants Answer: a. Indian indentured laborers

2. Question: Gandhi's first significant act of civil disobedience in South Africa was protesting against: a. Racial segregation on a train b. Economic inequality c. Religious discrimination d. Political oppression Answer: a. Racial segregation on a train

3. Question: The seminal event that marked the beginning of Gandhi's prominence in the Indian independence movement was: a. Champaran Satyagraha b. Dandi March c. Non-Cooperation Movement d. Quit India Movement Answer: a. Champaran Satyagraha

4. Question: Gandhi founded the Sabarmati Ashram in 1917, where he promoted: a. Industrialization b. Non-violence and truth c. Political propaganda d. Urbanization Answer: b. Non-violence and truth

5. Question: During the Non-Cooperation Movement, Gandhi advocated for the boycott of: a. British products and institutions b. Indian farmers c. Religious rituals d. Local businesses Answer: a. British products and institutions

6. Question: Gandhi launched the 'Salt Satyagraha' to protest against: a. High salt taxes imposed by the British b. Monopoly on salt production by the British c. Food scarcity d. Export of Indian salt to Britain Answer: a. High salt taxes imposed by the British

7. Question: The Jallianwala Bagh massacre in 1919 deeply impacted Gandhi and reinforced his commitment to: a. Violent retaliation b. Non-violence and civil disobedience c. Exclusionary practices d. Religious extremism Answer: b. Non-violence and civil disobedience

8. Question: Gandhi initiated the Khilafat Movement to protest against the: a. Discrimination against the Khilafat leaders b. British interference in the Ottoman Empire c. Religious practices of Muslims d. Economic policies of the British Answer: b. British interference in the Ottoman Empire

9. Question: Gandhi's fast unto death in 1932 was to protest against the: a. Indian caste system b. Unequal distribution of land c. British education system d. Religious dogma Answer: a. Indian caste system

10. Question: The Quit India Movement, initiated in 1942, aimed at: a. Non-cooperation with the British government b. Promoting British rule c. Religious conversions d. Economic development Answer: a. Non-cooperation with the British government

11. Question: Gandhi's 'Constructive Programme' focused on: a. Building a self-sufficient economy b. Building a strong army c. Encouraging religious conversions d. Political propaganda Answer: a. Building a self-sufficient economy

12. Question: Gandhi's involvement in the Indian freedom struggle was greatly influenced by his exposure to the struggle for civil rights in: a. India b. South Africa c. England d. China Answer: b. South Africa

13. Question: The Rowlatt Act of 1919 was a turning point that led Gandhi to initiate: a. Non-violent protests against the British government b. Militant resistance c. Religious conversions d. Economic boycott Answer: a. Non-violent protests against the British government

14. Question: Gandhi's efforts in the Champaran Satyagraha were aimed at addressing the issues faced by: a. Indigo farmers b. Weavers c. Landlords d. Factory workers Answer: a. Indigo farmers

15. Question: The Bardoli Satyagraha in 1928 was a successful protest against: a. High land taxes imposed by the British b. Forced labor by the British c. Discrimination against women d. Censorship Answer: a. High land taxes imposed by the British

16. Question: In 1947, which event marked the end of British rule in India and the beginning of an independent nation? a. Quit India Movement b. Dandi March c. Indian Independence Act d. Civil Disobedience Movement Answer: c. Indian Independence Act

17. Question: During the Dandi March, Gandhi and his followers protested against the British salt tax by: a. Producing their own salt b. Refusing to use any salt c. Importing salt from other countries d. Boycotting all salt products Answer: a. Producing their own salt

18. Question: The Non-Cooperation Movement was launched by Gandhi in response to: a. Jallianwala Bagh massacre b. Rowlatt Act c. Quit India Movement d. Khilafat Movement Answer: b. Rowlatt Act

19. Question: What did the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, in which hundreds of Indians were killed, motivate Gandhi to do? a. Advocate for armed revolution b. Call for a strike c. Intensify his non-violent struggle against British rule d. Flee to South Africa Answer: c. Intensify his non-violent struggle against British rule

20. Question: The Salt Satyagraha was a protest against the British monopoly and high taxes on: a. Salt b. Textiles c. Food grains d. Opium Answer: a. Salt

21. Question: The 'Quit India' movement, initiated in 1942, was a call to the British to: a. Quit India and leave immediately b. Enforce stricter laws c. Increase taxes d. Establish a stronger government Answer: a. Quit India and leave immediately

22. Question: The Jallianwala Bagh massacre took place in the city of: a. Amritsar b. Delhi c. Bombay d. Calcutta Answer: a. Amritsar

23. Question: In 1930, Gandhi initiated the 'Civil Disobedience Movement' against: a. The imposition of taxes on Indians b. The British Salt Tax c. The Rowlatt Act d. The Jallianwala Bagh massacre Answer: a. The imposition of taxes on Indians

24. Question: Gandhi's strategy of 'Satyagraha' was inspired by the teachings of: a. Buddha b. Jesus Christ c. Swami Vivekananda d. Tolstoy Answer: d. Tolstoy

25. Question: The 'Khilafat Movement' aimed to support the Ottoman Empire during: a. World War I b. World War II c. Indian Independence Movement d. The Boer War Answer: a. World War I

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