25 MCQ on History of Social Work in Europe with answer

 1. Which event significantly influenced the emergence of organized social work in Europe?

a) Industrial Revolution b) French Revolution c) Renaissance d) World War II Answer: a) Industrial Revolution

2. Who is considered the founder of modern social work in the UK? a) Jane Addams b) Octavia Hill c) Mary Richmond d) John Howard Answer: b) Octavia Hill

3. The Charity Organization Society (COS) in the 19th century focused on: a) Direct relief and assistance b) Advocacy and policy change c) Community development d) Social reform through investigation and casework Answer: d) Social reform through investigation and casework

4. The Settlement House movement in Europe was influenced by the ideas and work of: a) Mary Richmond b) Charles Loring Brace c) Jane Addams d) John Howard Answer: c) Jane Addams

5. Who is known for pioneering the concept of "friendly visitors" in social work? a) Mary Ellen Richmond b) Florence Hollis c) Jane Addams d) Octavia Hill Answer: a) Mary Ellen Richmond

6. The term "casework" in social work originated from: a) England b) France c) Germany d) Italy Answer: c) Germany

7. The principles of social solidarity and subsidiarity were influential in the development of social work in which European country? a) France b) Italy c) United Kingdom d) Spain Answer: b) Italy

8. Who is credited with establishing the first school of social work in Europe? a) Mary Richmond b) Jane Addams c) Edith Abbott d) Octavia Hill Answer: a) Mary Richmond

9. The concept of "self-help" and mutual aid is closely associated with: a) French social work b) German social work c) British social work d) Italian social work Answer: a) French social work

10. The Elizabethan Poor Law of 1601 was a significant legislation in: a) Germany b) France c) England d) Italy Answer: c) England

11. The concept of "welfare state" gained prominence in Europe during the: a) 19th century b) 20th century c) 18th century d) 17th century Answer: b) 20th century

12. The Beveridge Report, a foundational document for the modern welfare state, was published in: a) 1942 b) 1920 c) 1935 d) 1955 Answer: a) 1942

13. Who is known for their advocacy of "friendly visiting" in social work? a) Charles Loring Brace b) Jane Addams c) Mary Ellen Richmond d) Octavia Hill Answer: d) Octavia Hill

14. The term "feminization of social work" refers to: a) The increasing involvement of women in the field of social work b) The influence of feminist theories on social work practice c) The decline in the popularity of social work as a profession d) The focus on family-related issues in social work Answer: a) The increasing involvement of women in the field of social work

15. The concept of "community organizing" in social work emphasizes: a) Direct assistance to individuals and families b) Grassroots activism and mobilization for social change c) Case management and assessment d) Working closely with government agencies Answer: b) Grassroots activism and mobilization for social change

16. The first international organization of professional social workers, founded in 1928, is known as: a) International Federation of Social Workers (IFSW) b) World Association for Social Work Education (WASWE) c) European Association of Schools of Social Work (EASSW) d) United Nations Social Work Council (UNSWC) Answer: a) International Federation of Social Workers (IFSW)

17. The principles of Catholic social teaching influenced the development of social work in which European country? a) Spain b) Ireland c) Belgium d) Sweden Answer: b) Ireland

18. The Fabian Society, established in the late 19th century, was influential in promoting: a) Radical social reform b) Charity-based social services c) Individualistic approaches to social problems d) Faith-based social work Answer: a) Radical social reform

19. The Hilfsverein movement, focusing on social reform through charity organizations, originated in: a) Germany b) France c) Italy d) Spain Answer: a) Germany

20. The Charity Organization Society (COS) model emphasized: a) Voluntary organizations providing direct relief b) Professionalized casework and investigation c) Religious approaches to social work d) Government-funded social programs Answer: b) Professionalized casework and investigation

21. The "Less Eligibility" principle, associated with the English Poor Law of 1834, aimed to: a) Provide better benefits to the poor b) Discourage reliance on public assistance c) Advocate for better working conditions d) Encourage philanthropic giving Answer: b) Discourage reliance on public assistance

22. The Bismarckian model of social protection, characterized by social insurance programs, originated in: a) France b) Germany c) Italy d) United Kingdom Answer: b) Germany

23. The 1960s and 1970s in Europe saw a shift in social work towards: a) Medical model of practice b) Community organizing and activism c) Casework and individual therapy d) Charity-based assistance Answer: b) Community organizing and activism

24. The Treaty of Rome in 1957 established the European Economic Community (EEC), which laid the foundation for: a) Social work standards and accreditation across Europe b) A common market and economic integration in Europe c) International collaboration in social work education d) The establishment of international social work organizations Answer: b) A common market and economic integration in Europe

25. The concept of "social pedagogy" in social work is closely associated with which European country? a) Sweden b) Norway c) Denmark d) Finland Answer: a) Sweden

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