25 MCQ on Social Acton (history, concept, and principles)

25 MCQ on Social Acton (history, concept, and principles)

Question 1: Who is considered a key proponent of the concept of social action in sociology? A. Karl Marx B. Max Weber C. Emile Durkheim D. Auguste Comte Answer: B. Max Weber

Question 2: When did the concept of social action gain prominence in sociological thought? A. 18th century B. 19th century C. 20th century D. 21st century Answer: B. 19th century

Question 3: Social action, as defined by Max Weber, involves actions that are: A. Deterministic B. Rational and purposeful C. Instinctual D. Arbitrary Answer: B. Rational and purposeful

Question 4: Which of the following is a key principle of social action? A. Lack of purpose B. Rationality C. Randomness D. Unpredictability Answer: B. Rationality

Question 5: In the context of social action, what does "teleological" mean? A. Determined by past events B. Goal-oriented or purposeful C. Driven by instincts D. Random and unpredictable Answer: B. Goal-oriented or purposeful

Question 6: Which historical period saw a significant focus on social action and individual behavior in sociology? A. Enlightenment era B. Renaissance C. Middle Ages D. Industrial Revolution Answer: A. Enlightenment era

Question 7: According to Max Weber, what is an essential element in understanding social action? A. Structural determinism B. Historical context C. Cultural uniformity D. Genetic predisposition Answer: B. Historical context

Question 8: Which concept refers to the social action guided by traditional customs and habits? A. Traditional action B. Rational action C. Affective action D. Value-rational action Answer: A. Traditional action

Question 9: In social action theory, what is the role of "affect"? A. Guiding actions based on values B. Driving actions through emotions and feelings C. Restricting rationality D. Eliminating spontaneity Answer: B. Driving actions through emotions and feelings

Question 10: According to Max Weber, what is an essential aspect of understanding social action? A. Objective facts B. Subjective meaning C. Historical accuracy D. Ethical judgment Answer: B. Subjective meaning

Question 11: Which of the following is an example of an affective action? A. Donating to a charity based on personal values B. Following a traditional ritual without questioning C. Calculating the cost-benefit of an action D. Organizing a protest for a cause Answer: B. Following a traditional ritual without questioning

Question 12: The concept of social action is often associated with theories in which field of study? A. Sociology B. Psychology C. Economics D. Political science Answer: A. Sociology

Question 13: Which type of social action is driven by emotions and is not necessarily goal-oriented? A. Affective action B. Traditional action C. Rational action D. Value-rational action Answer: A. Affective action

Question 14: In the context of social action, what does "routinization" refer to? A. The establishment of routines in social interactions B. The emotional basis of actions C. The rationalization of actions and their repetition D. The spontaneous nature of actions Answer: C. The rationalization of actions and their repetition

Question 15: Which of the following is a type of rational action according to Max Weber? A. Economic action B. Habitual action C. Emotional action D. Traditional action Answer: A. Economic action

Question 16: What historical event significantly influenced the development of the concept of social action? A. Industrial Revolution B. French Revolution C. American Civil War D. Renaissance Answer: B. French Revolution

Question 17: According to Max Weber, what is a characteristic of "rational-legal authority" in the context of social action? A. Based on traditional customs B. Rooted in emotions and sentiments C. Legally established and organized D. Driven by religious beliefs Answer: C. Legally established and organized

Question 18: Which concept refers to social action driven by ethical or moral values? A. Value-rational action B. Traditional action C. Affective action D. Rational action Answer: A. Value-rational action

Question 19: In the concept of social action, what does "Verstehen" mean? A. Understanding and interpreting the meanings individuals attach to their actions B. Following traditional customs without questioning C. Conducting actions without any purpose D. Employing scientific methods to study actions Answer: A. Understanding and interpreting the meanings individuals attach to their actions

Question 20: According to Max Weber, what is an essential characteristic of "instrumental-rational action"? A. Driven by emotional impulses B. Rooted in religious beliefs C. Calculated and goal-oriented D. Based on cultural norms Answer: C. Calculated and goal-oriented

Question 21: Which type of social action is guided by emotions and feelings but is also oriented toward a value or belief? A. Value-rational action B. Affective action C. Traditional action D. Instrumental-rational action Answer: A. Value-rational action

Question 22: Who emphasized the concept of "Verstehen" in understanding social action? A. Karl Marx B. Max Weber C. Emile Durkheim D. Auguste Comte Answer: B. Max Weber

Question 23: What is a key principle of social action theory regarding human behavior? A. Determinism B. Voluntarism C. Predestination D. Indeterminacy Answer: B. Voluntarism

Question 24: According to Max Weber, what is an essential element in understanding social action? A. Economic determinism B. Cultural homogeneity C. Historical context D. Legalistic approach Answer: C. Historical context

Question 25: Which concept refers to actions driven by habits and routines? A. Habitual action B. Affective action C. Value-rational action D. Instrumental-rational action Answer: A. Habitual action


 


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