30 MCQ on Medical, Psychiatry and Child Care

 30  MCQ on Medical, Psychiatry and Child Care

1. Question: Which medical professional is primarily responsible for providing general healthcare and coordinating overall patient care? a. General practitioner b. Cardiologist c. Radiologist d. Gynecologist Answer: a. General practitioner

2. Question: What is a common tool used by psychiatrists to diagnose mental health conditions? a. Stethoscope b. MRI scan c. Psychiatric interview and assessment d. Blood pressure cuff Answer: c. Psychiatric interview and assessment

3. Question: Anxiety disorders, mood disorders, and schizophrenia are examples of mental health conditions classified under which field of medicine? a. Psychiatry b. Pediatrics c. Neurology d. Cardiology Answer: a. Psychiatry

4. Question: What is a crucial aspect of providing child-centered care in healthcare? a. Ignoring the child's preferences and fears b. Fostering a trusting and comforting environment for the child c. Focusing primarily on the parents' concerns d. Avoiding communication with the child Answer: b. Fostering a trusting and comforting environment for the child

5. Question: A child displaying repetitive behaviors, challenges in social interactions, and difficulty in communication may be indicative of which condition? a. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) b. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) c. Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) d. Conduct disorder (CD) Answer: b. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD)

6. Question: What is a key responsibility of a pediatrician in child healthcare? a. Treating only acute illnesses in children b. Providing preventive care, immunizations, and routine check-ups for children c. Focusing solely on parental concerns d. Disregarding mental health in child patients Answer: b. Providing preventive care, immunizations, and routine check-ups for children

7. Question: What is a common medical intervention for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)? a. Psychotherapy b. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) c. Insulin therapy d. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) Answer: a. Psychotherapy

8. Question: Which healthcare professional is specialized in mental health treatment and psychotherapy? a. Psychiatrist b. Pediatrician c. Dermatologist d. Oncologist Answer: a. Psychiatrist

9. Question: What is a fundamental principle of administering medication to pediatric patients? a. Overestimating the dosage to ensure effectiveness b. Weighing the risks and benefits of medication carefully and calculating appropriate dosage based on the child's weight and age c. Administering adult doses to children d. Avoiding medication altogether for children Answer: b. Weighing the risks and benefits of medication carefully and calculating appropriate dosage based on the child's weight and age

10. Question: What is a critical aspect of ensuring child safety in healthcare settings? a. Neglecting safety measures due to time constraints b. Prioritizing safety and following established protocols to prevent harm or injuries to children c. Disregarding safety concerns as children are resilient d. Avoiding discussion on safety to prevent fear in children Answer: b. Prioritizing safety and following established protocols to prevent harm or injuries to children

11. Question: In psychiatry, what is the term for a persistent and excessive fear of a specific object, situation, or activity? a. Phobia b. Bipolar disorder c. Schizophrenia d. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) Answer: a. Phobia

12. Question: What is a crucial element in providing trauma-informed care to children who have experienced trauma? a. Repeating the details of the traumatic event during treatment b. Avoiding discussing the traumatic event to prevent distress c. Creating a safe, supportive, and empowering environment for the child d. Encouraging the child to forget the traumatic event Answer: c. Creating a safe, supportive, and empowering environment for the child

13. Question: Which medical professional is specialized in diagnosing and treating diseases of the nervous system? a. Neurologist b. Orthopedic surgeon c. Ophthalmologist d. Urologist Answer: a. Neurologist

14. Question: Which developmental stage in childhood typically occurs between 6 to 12 years of age? a. Toddlerhood b. Preschool age c. Middle childhood d. Adolescence Answer: c. Middle childhood

15. Question: A child displaying impulsive behavior, difficulty in paying attention, and hyperactivity may be indicative of which condition? a. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) b. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) c. Conduct disorder (CD) d. Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) Answer: b. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

16. Question: Which medical professional specializes in the care of women during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period? a. Obstetrician b. Pediatrician c. Gynecologist d. Cardiologist Answer: a. Obstetrician

17. Question: A child experiencing sudden, involuntary muscle contractions and relaxation is likely suffering from which medical condition? a. Epilepsy b. Cerebral palsy c. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) d. ADHD Answer: a. Epilepsy

18. Question: Which of the following is a common symptom of postpartum depression in new mothers? a. Euphoria and excessive energy b. Persistent sadness and feelings of worthlessness c. Increased appetite and weight gain d. Insomnia and reduced appetite Answer: b. Persistent sadness and feelings of worthlessness

19. Question: Which healthcare professional focuses on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of mental illnesses? a. Psychiatrist b. Psychotherapist c. Psychologist d. Radiologist Answer: a. Psychiatrist

20. Question: Which of the following is a typical symptom of a migraine headache? a. Throbbing or pulsating pain on one side of the head b. Dull, constant pain all over the head c. Sharp, stabbing pain in the neck d. Pressure-like pain around the temples Answer: a. Throbbing or pulsating pain on one side of the head

21. Question: What is an essential aspect of providing culturally competent healthcare? a. Ignoring cultural differences to maintain neutrality b. Recognizing and respecting cultural diversity and tailoring care accordingly c. Enforcing the healthcare provider's culture on the patient d. Avoiding discussions about cultural background Answer: b. Recognizing and respecting cultural diversity and tailoring care accordingly

22. Question: A child is consistently avoiding school, experiencing severe anxiety about attending, and demonstrating physical symptoms like stomachaches. What might they be experiencing? a. Separation anxiety disorder b. Social anxiety disorder c. Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) d. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Answer: a. Separation anxiety disorder

23. Question: What is a common treatment for asthma in children? a. Antibiotics b. Inhalers with bronchodilators c. Antidepressants d. Pain relievers Answer: b. Inhalers with bronchodilators

24. Question: What is a crucial factor in promoting a healthy lifestyle for children? a. Encouraging sedentary activities and limiting physical activity b. Providing excessive screen time without any restrictions c. Encouraging a balanced diet and regular physical activity d. Avoiding discussions about nutrition and exercise Answer: c. Encouraging a balanced diet and regular physical activity

25. Question: A child showing persistent patterns of disobedience, hostility, and defiance towards authority figures might be diagnosed with which condition? a. Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) b. Conduct disorder (CD) c. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) d. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Answer: a. Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD)

26. Question: What is a common childhood immunization to prevent serious infections? a. Hepatitis B vaccine b. Tetanus vaccine c. Influenza vaccine d. Meningitis vaccine Answer: a. Hepatitis B vaccine

27. Question: Which medical specialist focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of mental health disorders in children and adolescents? a. Child and adolescent psychiatrist b. Geriatric psychiatrist c. Neurologist d. Pediatrician Answer: a. Child and adolescent psychiatrist

28. Question: In pediatric care, what is an essential aspect of creating a child-friendly environment? a. Making the environment intimidating to build resilience in children b. Creating a welcoming, colorful, and age-appropriate setting c. Keeping the environment sterile and devoid of any stimulation d. Avoiding interaction and engagement with children Answer: b. Creating a welcoming, colorful, and age-appropriate setting

29. Question: A child experiencing severe symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity may be diagnosed with which condition? a. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) b. Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) c. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) d. Conduct disorder (CD) Answer: c. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

30. Question: What is a crucial aspect of ensuring medication safety for children? a. Keeping medications easily accessible to children b. Administering adult dosages to children c. Storing medications out of reach and in childproof containers d. Disregarding medication safety due to children's adaptability Answer: c. Storing medications out of reach and in childproof containers

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