Provided 20 MCQ on History and Trends in Philanthropy
1. When did philanthropy as a concept emerge?
A. Ancient times
B. Renaissance era
C. Industrial Revolution
D. 20th century
2. Which civilization is known for its early forms of organized philanthropy and charity?
A. Ancient Egyptian
B. Ancient Greek
3. The term "philanthropy" is derived from which language?
4. The first endowed foundation in the United States is the:
A. Rockefeller Foundation
B. Carnegie Foundation
C. Ford Foundation
D. Gates Foundation
5. Which philanthropist established the first American university to have a school of philanthropy?
A. Andrew Carnegie
B. John D. Rockefeller
C. John Hopkins
D. William Penn
6. The establishment of the Rockefeller Foundation marked a significant trend in philanthropy by focusing on:
A. Medical research and public health
B. Education and scholarships
C. Poverty alleviation
D. Environmental conservation
7. Which philanthropist was known for his support of libraries and education in the early 20th century?
A. Andrew Carnegie
B. John D. Rockefeller
C. J.P. Morgan
D. Henry Ford
8. What philanthropic organization was founded by Bill and Melinda Gates?
A. Gates Foundation
B. Microsoft Philanthropies
C. Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
D. Gates Trust
9. The Giving Pledge, initiated by Bill and Melinda Gates and Warren Buffett, encourages:
A. Philanthropists to publicly commit to giving the majority of their wealth to philanthropic causes
B. Corporate philanthropy
C. Political philanthropy
10. What is a defining feature of modern philanthropy?
A. Strategic giving with measurable impact
B. Spontaneous and informal giving
C. Exclusively monetary donations
D. Philanthropy for personal gain
11. Microphilanthropy is characterized by:
A. Small-scale donations by individuals through digital platforms
B. Large-scale donations by corporations
C. Government-funded philanthropic activities
D. Anonymous philanthropic giving
12. What is impact investing in the context of philanthropy?
A. Investments made with the intention to generate both financial returns and social or environmental impact
B. Donations made to support political campaigns
C. Funding research and development of new technologies
D. Giving large amounts of money to established charitable organizations
13. Philanthropy has been influenced by advancements in technology, leading to:
A. Online giving and digital platforms for fundraising
B. Anonymous donations only
C. Decreased transparency in philanthropic activities
D. Reduction in charitable giving
14. Which term refers to a form of philanthropy where individuals pool their resources to support projects, often via the internet?
B. Venture philanthropy
C. Impact investing
15. Venture philanthropy is characterized by:
A. Applying business principles to philanthropy, focusing on measurable outcomes and long-term sustainability
B. Making small-scale donations to various organizations
C. Providing emergency relief during disasters
D. Funding artistic and cultural endeavors
16. Social entrepreneurship often involves:
A. Applying entrepreneurial approaches to address social or environmental issues
B. Donating money to charities
C. Investing in large corporations
D. Providing microloans to individuals
17. What is the main focus of philanthropy in the 21st century?
A. Addressing complex global challenges and fostering sustainable development
B. Supporting traditional institutions and organizations
C. Promoting individual financial gains
D. Providing immediate relief during emergencies
18. Effective Altruism encourages:
A. Using evidence and reasoning to determine the most effective ways to improve the world
B. Spontaneous and emotional giving without rigorous analysis
C. Giving to the closest charitable organization
D. Investing in businesses for financial gain
19. Which philanthropic approach emphasizes the importance of measuring and maximizing the positive impact of giving?
A. Effective Altruism
B. Random Acts of Kindness
C. Anonymous Philanthropy
D. Impulsive Giving
20. What role has social media played in philanthropy?
A. Amplifying fundraising efforts and increasing awareness of social issues
B. Discouraging charitable giving
C. Reducing transparency in philanthropic activities
D. Minimizing the impact of philanthropic campaigns