15 MCQ on MCQ on Gandhian Concepts of Social Work

1. What is the central concept in Gandhian philosophy that emphasizes the importance of truth and non-violence?

  • A) Ahimsa
  • B) Satyagraha
  • C) Swaraj
  • D) Sarvodaya
  • Answer: A) Ahimsa

2. Gandhian social work emphasizes the concept of "Sarvodaya." What does Sarvodaya mean?

  • A) Individualism
  • B) Community development
  • C) Social justice
  • D) Universal upliftment
  • Answer: D) Universal upliftment

3. According to Gandhi, what is the primary focus of social work?

  • A) Economic prosperity
  • B) Political dominance
  • C) Well-being of the masses
  • D) Technological advancements
  • Answer: C) Well-being of the masses

4. What term did Gandhi use to describe his philosophy of decentralized and self-sufficient village communities?

  • A) Urbanization
  • B) Industrialization
  • C) Swaraj
  • D) Satyagraha
  • Answer: C) Swaraj

5. Gandhian social work places a strong emphasis on:

  • A) Centralized authority
  • B) Technological progress
  • C) Bottom-up, decentralized decision-making
  • D) Caste-based discrimination
  • Answer: C) Bottom-up, decentralized decision-making

6. In Gandhian social work, what does the term "Sarvodaya" mean in the context of economic development?

  • A) Equal distribution of wealth
  • B) Profit maximization
  • C) Class divisions
  • D) Urbanization
  • Answer: A) Equal distribution of wealth

7. What does the concept of "Antyodaya" in Gandhian social work philosophy refer to?

  • A) Technology-driven progress
  • B) The welfare of the downtrodden and the last person in society
  • C) Political power
  • D) Urban development
  • Answer: B) The welfare of the downtrodden and the last person in society

8. According to Gandhi, what is the means and end of social work?

  • A) Political power
  • B) Profit maximization
  • C) Truth and non-violence
  • D) Urbanization
  • Answer: C) Truth and non-violence

9. What is the term used for Gandhian concept of self-discipline and self-control in social work?

  • A) Swaraj
  • B) Satyagraha
  • C) Brahmacharya
  • D) Sarvodaya
  • Answer: C) Brahmacharya

10. Gandhi's idea of "Constructive Program" in social work refers to:

  • A) Building physical infrastructure
  • B) Political activism
  • C) Positive actions for social transformation and upliftment
  • D) Urbanization projects
  • Answer: C) Positive actions for social transformation and upliftment

11. What role does the concept of "Trusteeship" play in Gandhian social work philosophy?

  • A) Hoarding wealth
  • B) Maximizing profits
  • C) Managing resources for the benefit of all
  • D) Exploiting labor
  • Answer: C) Managing resources for the benefit of all

12. According to Gandhian philosophy, what is the significance of "Khadi" (hand-spun cloth) in social work?

  • A) Economic prosperity
  • B) Political activism
  • C) Symbol of self-reliance and economic independence
  • D) Technological advancements
  • Answer: C) Symbol of self-reliance and economic independence

13. In Gandhian social work, what does "Nai Talim" (Basic Education) emphasize?

  • A) Formal education
  • B) Political education
  • C) Holistic and value-based education
  • D) Technological education
  • Answer: C) Holistic and value-based education

14. According to Gandhi, what is the role of the individual in social reform?

  • A) Dependence on external authorities
  • B) Active participation in social reform through personal transformation
  • C) Isolation from society
  • D) Pursuit of individual happiness
  • Answer: B) Active participation in social reform through personal transformation

15. How does Gandhian social work view the concept of "Gram Swarajya" (Village Self-Governance)?

  • A) As irrelevant in the modern world
  • B) As the only form of governance
  • C) As a model for self-sustainable and participatory governance
  • D) As a hindrance to progress
  • Answer: C) As a model for self-sustainable and participatory governance

 

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