What is Cognitive Theory ? Explained

 An Introduction

This theory's central idea is around the notion of thinking. Society and the immediate environment of a person have an impact on their thinking, and thinking influences behavior. His or her ideas will lead to their emotions. If a person's social functioning deviates from the expected norms, this indicates that the way they think needs to be altered in order to modify their behavior. The idea that humans possess latent creative resources that can be used to transform objectives and behavior is also emphasized by cognitive theory.

The term "rational emotive therapy" refers to a framework of cognitive theory that psychotherapist Albert Ellis has established. Ellis argues that some beliefs are irrational yet accepting as rational by those who are negatively impacted by them.

1) It is not humanly possible to have everyone love and approve of you at all times.

2) Nothing is awful or terrible; instead, things may just be annoying or inconvenient. One can still accept things as they are, even when they don't go exactly as planned.

3) Because feelings are a result of one's thoughts, they may be managed.

4) An event's effects cannot last indefinitely. By utilizing the circumstance as a teaching opportunity, the effects of negative events can be changed.

Four stages constitute cognitive/rational emotive therapy:

1) Rationale Presentation

Without bringing up the client's issue, the worker tries to elicit the issue or meaning of self-assertions in general.

2) Irrational Assumption Overview

The worker attempts to convince the client that his or her comments are irrational by presenting a series of irrational self-statements to the client.

3) Rational-emotive analysis of the client's issue

The client is given information about how they have classified the occurrence and is made logically aware of their problem.

4) Educating the Client on Internal Statement Modification

The client is instructed to modify his or her anxiety-producing beliefs and behaviors.

The social caseworker consistently communicates the concept of reasoned thinking and speaking to the client while they are receiving assistance by using modelling. The worker aids the client in adopting the most reasonable behaviour possible and in recognising the irrationalities that one observes around them but is powerless to alter. In order to prevent negative occurrences from inciting strong emotions, clients are taught how to use language carefully.

By expressing events with words that represent a moderate degree of emotions rather than phrases that suggest vehemence, one might prevent the negative effects of strong emotions. This is known as the wise use of language. It is appropriate to think of feelings as thinking's derivatives.


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