20 Must-Know Social Dynamics and Change - Migration MCQs with Answers
Which of the following best defines migration?
A. Movement of people within a country
B. Movement of people across international borders
C. Movement of goods and services
D. Movement of ideas and culture
Answer: B. Movement of people across international borders
Which factor is a significant push factor for migration?
A. Higher wages in the destination country
B. Improved living conditions in the home country
C. Family reunification
D. Educational opportunities in the destination country
Answer: B. Improved living conditions in the home country
What is the term for the movement of people within a country's borders?
A. International migration
D. Internal migration
Answer: D. Internal migration
Which type of migration occurs due to natural disasters or environmental issues?
A. Forced migration
B. Voluntary migration
C. Rural-to-urban migration
D. Brain drain migration
Answer: A. Forced migration
What is the term for the process of individuals adapting to a new culture?
Answer: B. Acculturation
Which theory suggests that migration is influenced by economic factors and supply and demand for labor?
A. Push-pull theory
B. Gravity model
C. Structural theory
D. Network theory
Answer: A. Push-pull theory
Which type of migration occurs when an individual is compelled to move due to persecution or violence?
A. Economic migration
B. Political migration
C. Environmental migration
D. Return migration
Answer: B. Political migration
Which region is known for a significant brain drain due to skilled workers seeking opportunities abroad?
A. Sub-Saharan Africa
B. North America
C. Western Europe
D. Southeast Asia
Answer: A. Sub-Saharan Africa
Which term refers to the return of migrants to their home country?
Answer: B. Repatriation
What is the term for the process of migrants maintaining their cultural identity while integrating into a new society?
Answer: C. Multiculturalism
What is the primary reason for rural-to-urban migration?
A. Seeking better education opportunities
B. Access to healthcare facilities
C. Employment and economic opportunities
D. Desire for a simpler lifestyle
Answer: C. Employment and economic opportunities
Which factor is a significant pull factor for migration?
A. Political instability in the home country
B. Low unemployment rates in the destination country
C. Limited access to healthcare in the home country
D. High crime rates in the destination country
Answer: B. Low unemployment rates in the destination country
Which term refers to the movement of people back and forth between two or more countries?
A. Circular migration
B. Reverse migration
C. Seasonal migration
Answer: A. Circular migration
What is the term for migration that occurs due to marriage or family ties?
A. Forced migration
B. Chain migration
C. Step migration
D. Rural-to-urban migration
Answer: B. Chain migration
Which term refers to the idea that migration can lead to the spread of culture and ideas?
A. Cultural diffusion
B. Brain drain
Answer: A. Cultural diffusion
Which factor often drives rural-to-urban migration?
A. Access to agricultural land
B. Better infrastructure in rural areas
C. Higher quality of life in urban areas
D. Strong community bonds in rural areas
Answer: C. Higher quality of life in urban areas
What is the term for migration within a region or country, typically from less developed to more developed areas?
A. Intracontinental migration
B. Intercontinental migration
C. International migration
D. Transcontinental migration
Answer: A. Intracontinental migration
Which type of migration is primarily motivated by seeking better job opportunities and higher wages?
A. Economic migration
B. Environmental migration
C. Political migration
D. Forced migration
Answer: A. Economic migration
Which of the following is a consequence of brain drain due to migration?
A. Increased innovation in the home country
B. Enhanced economic growth in the home country
C. Loss of skilled professionals in the home country
D. Improved healthcare in the home country
Answer: C. Loss of skilled professionals in the home country
What term describes a sudden, large influx of migrants into a specific area, often due to conflicts or disasters?
A. Exponential migration
B. Involuntary migration
C. Refugee crisis
D. Seasonal migration