25 MCQ on Major Social Policies: (Indian Context).

25 MCQ on Major Social Policies: (Indian Context). 

1. When was the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) enacted in India? a) 2002 b) 2005 c) 2007 d) 2010 Correct Answer: b) 2005

2. Which major social policy aims at providing affordable healthcare to citizens in India? a) Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY) b) Ayushman Bharat - Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY) c) Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) d) National Food Security Act (NFSA) Correct Answer: b) Ayushman Bharat - Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY)

3. The Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) program in India primarily focuses on the well-being of: a) Elderly population b) Women in the workforce c) Children under six years and pregnant/nursing mothers d) Rural farmers Correct Answer: c) Children under six years and pregnant/nursing mothers

4. The Right to Education Act (RTE) in India was enacted in the year: a) 2005 b) 2008 c) 2010 d) 2014 Correct Answer: b) 2008

5. What does the acronym "MNREGA" stand for in the context of Indian social policies? a) Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act b) Make New Roads for Employment Growth Act c) Maximum Nutrition Resource for Elderly Growth in Agriculture d) Minimum National Rights for Employment and Growth Act Correct Answer: a) Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act

6. The National Health Mission (NHM) was launched in India to provide accessible, affordable, and quality healthcare to: a) Urban populations b) Rural populations c) Middle-income groups d) Private sector employees Correct Answer: b) Rural populations

7. The Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) aimed at improving urban infrastructure and services. When was it launched? a) 2000 b) 2005 c) 2010 d) 2015 Correct Answer: b) 2005

8. The Mid-Day Meal Scheme in India is aimed at providing free meals to: a) Pregnant women b) School-going children c) Elderly population d) Working adults Correct Answer: b) School-going children

9. Which major social policy focuses on providing affordable housing to economically weaker sections of society in India? a) Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) b) Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY) c) Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) d) Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana (PMGKY) Correct Answer: b) Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY)

10. The Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY) is a maternity benefit program that targets: a) Adolescent girls b) Pregnant and lactating mothers c) Orphaned children d) Elderly widows Correct Answer: b) Pregnant and lactating mothers

11. What does the acronym "NRHM" stand for in the context of Indian social policies? a) National Rural Health Mission b) National Rural Housing Mission c) National Rural Horticulture Mission d) National Rural Higher Education Mission Correct Answer: a) National Rural Health Mission

12. The National Food Security Act (NFSA) in India was enacted in the year: a) 2010 b) 2011 c) 2012 d) 2013 Correct Answer: c) 2013

13. The Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) is a government health insurance scheme primarily targeting: a) Senior citizens b) Government employees c) Pregnant women d) Below poverty line (BPL) families Correct Answer: d) Below poverty line (BPL) families

14. The National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM) focuses on promoting: a) Urban development b) Rural entrepreneurship and livelihood opportunities c) Education in rural areas d) Rural healthcare Correct Answer: b) Rural entrepreneurship and livelihood opportunities

15. The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) aims at achieving universalization of: a) Health services b) Higher education c) Elementary education d) Social security benefits Correct Answer: c) Elementary education

16. The Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) aims at providing: a) Clean cooking fuel to below poverty line (BPL) households b) Financial assistance to women entrepreneurs c) Subsidized grains to farmers d) Low-interest loans to artisans Correct Answer: a) Clean cooking fuel to below poverty line (BPL) households

17. The Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) focuses on: a) Rural electrification b) Skill development for rural youth c) Rural road development d) Rural sanitation Correct Answer: b) Skill development for rural youth

18. The National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP) includes which of the following schemes? a) Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY) b) Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana (PMJJBY) c) Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS) d) All of the above Correct Answer: d) All of the above

19. The Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) provides financial assistance to promote institutional deliveries to: a) Adolescent girls b) Pregnant women c) Elderly widows d) Underprivileged men Correct Answer: b) Pregnant women

20. Which major social policy aims at ensuring a clean and open defecation-free India? a) Swachh Bharat Abhiyan b) Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) c) Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao d) Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) Correct Answer: a) Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

21. The Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao (BBBP) initiative focuses on: a) Financial literacy for women b) Promoting female entrepreneurship c) Improving the sex ratio and preventing female infanticide d) Enhancing healthcare facilities for women Correct Answer: c) Improving the sex ratio and preventing female infanticide

22. The National Mission for Empowerment of Women (NMEW) aims to strengthen the overall processes that promote: a) Gender equality and the economic and social empowerment of women b) Male education and employment c) Elderly care and support d) Adolescent health and hygiene Correct Answer: a) Gender equality and the economic and social empowerment of women

23. The Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN) aims to provide direct income support to: a) Rural artisans b) Landless laborers c) Small and marginal farmers d) Urban poor Correct Answer: c) Small and marginal farmers

24. The Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) primarily focuses on: a) Women's empowerment b) Financial inclusion c) Rural sanitation d) Skill development for youth Correct Answer: b) Financial inclusion

25. The Atal Pension Yojana (APY) is a pension scheme aimed at providing pension benefits to: a) Senior citizens b) All citizens above 40 years of age c) Unemployed youth d) Unorganized sector workers Correct Answer: d) Unorganized sector workers

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