HIV Prevention and Control Quiz: 20 Essential Questions for Personal Protection

HIV Prevention and Control Quiz: 20 Essential Questions for Personal Protection

Question 1: Which of the following is NOT a common mode of HIV transmission? A. Sexual contact B. Sharing needles for drug use C. Kissing and hugging D. Mother to child during childbirth

Answer: C. Kissing and hugging

Question 2: What is the primary mode of HIV transmission worldwide? A. Sexual contact B. Sharing needles for drug use C. Blood transfusions D. Occupational exposure

Answer: A. Sexual contact

Question 3: What is a highly effective method for preventing HIV transmission during sexual intercourse? A. Abstinence B. Condom use C. Hormonal contraception D. Monogamy

Answer: B. Condom use

Question 4: Which of the following populations is at a higher risk of HIV infection? A. Monogamous couples B. Young adults C. Older adults D. Individuals practicing safe sex

Answer: B. Young adults

Question 5: Which bodily fluids can transmit HIV? A. Saliva B. Sweat C. Blood D. Urine

Answer: C. Blood

Question 6: What action can greatly reduce the risk of HIV transmission from mother to child during childbirth? A. Cesarean section B. Breastfeeding C. Formula feeding D. Prenatal vitamins

Answer: A. Cesarean section

Question 7: Which type of HIV test is commonly used for initial screening? A. Western blot B. ELISA C. PCR D. Rapid HIV test

Answer: B. ELISA

Question 8: What is a recommended step after a positive HIV screening test? A. Start antiretroviral therapy immediately B. Confirm with a different type of HIV test C. Begin a strict diet plan D. Ignore the result and continue normal activities

Answer: B. Confirm with a different type of HIV test

Question 9: How long can it take for HIV antibodies to show up in a person's blood after infection? A. A few days B. A few weeks C. A few months D. A few years

Answer: B. A few weeks

Question 10: Which type of medication can help prevent HIV infection in individuals at high risk? A. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) B. Antibiotics C. Pain relievers D. Antifungals

Answer: A. Antiretroviral therapy (ART)

Question 11: Which of the following is NOT a common early symptom of HIV infection? A. Fever B. Rash C. Persistent cough D. Joint pain

Answer: D. Joint pain

Question 12: What is the most effective way to prevent HIV transmission from mother to child during childbirth? A. Prenatal antiretroviral therapy (ART) B. Exclusive breastfeeding C. Early introduction of solid foods D. Home birth

Answer: A. Prenatal antiretroviral therapy (ART)

Question 13: What is pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV? A. A treatment for people already infected with HIV B. Medication taken before potential HIV exposure to reduce the risk of infection C. A vaccine for HIV prevention D. A complementary therapy for HIV-positive individuals

Answer: B. Medication taken before potential HIV exposure to reduce the risk of infection

Question 14: Which of the following is a high-risk behavior for HIV transmission? A. Abstaining from drug use B. Having unprotected sex with multiple partners C. Regular HIV testing D. Using sterile needles for drug use

Answer: B. Having unprotected sex with multiple partners

Question 15: Which sexually transmitted infection can increase the risk of HIV transmission? A. Chlamydia B. Gonorrhea C. Syphilis D. Herpes

Answer: C. Syphilis

Question 16: What is the most effective way to prevent HIV transmission from mother to child through breastfeeding? A. Exclusive breastfeeding B. Formula feeding C. Prenatal antiretroviral therapy (ART) D. Early weaning

Answer: B. Formula feeding

Question 17: What is the recommended HIV testing frequency for individuals at higher risk of infection? A. Annually B. Every 3 years C. Every 5 years D. Every 10 years

Answer: A. Annually

Question 18: Which population is most affected by HIV/AIDS globally? A. Children under 5 years old B. Young adults C. Elderly individuals D. Pregnant women

Answer: B. Young adults

Question 19: What is the primary mode of HIV transmission among people who inject drugs? A. Sexual contact B. Sharing needles and syringes C. Airborne transmission D. Occupational exposure

Answer: B. Sharing needles and syringes

Question 20: What is the role of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) in HIV prevention? A. Preventing HIV transmission from mother to child B. Preventing HIV transmission through needle sharing C. Preventing HIV transmission after potential exposure D. Preventing HIV transmission during sexual contact

Answer: C. Preventing HIV transmission after potential exposure

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