Test Your Knowledge of Stigma and Discrimination with These 25 MCQs

Test Your Knowledge of Stigma and Discrimination with These 25 MCQs 

1. What is stigma in the context of social psychology? A. A positive evaluation of a person or group B. A negative evaluation or judgment of a person or group C. A neutral assessment of a person or group D. A lack of evaluation of a person or group Answer: B

2. Discrimination refers to: A. Treating people unfairly based on their characteristics B. Respecting and valuing individual differences C. Promoting equal opportunities for all D. Celebrating diversity within a society Answer: A

3. Stigmatization often leads to: A. Increased self-esteem B. Enhanced social integration C. Reduced opportunities and social isolation D. Improved mental well-being Answer: C

4. What is the difference between prejudice and stigma? A. Prejudice involves biased beliefs, while stigma involves discriminatory actions B. Prejudice involves discriminatory actions, while stigma involves biased beliefs C. Prejudice is positive, while stigma is negative D. Prejudice and stigma are synonymous terms Answer: A

5. In the context of mental health, stigma can manifest as: A. Supportive attitudes towards individuals with mental illness B. Employment opportunities for individuals with mental illness C. Negative attitudes and beliefs towards individuals with mental illness D. Increased awareness and education about mental health Answer: C

6. What is self-stigma? A. A positive evaluation of oneself despite societal prejudice B. A negative evaluation of oneself due to internalized societal prejudices C. A neutral assessment of one's own abilities and characteristics D. A lack of self-awareness Answer: B

7. Institutional discrimination involves: A. Discrimination perpetuated by individuals within a society B. Discrimination embedded in laws, policies, and practices of institutions C. Discrimination based on personal beliefs and attitudes D. Discrimination experienced within one's family Answer: B

8. Stereotypes are: A. Overgeneralized beliefs about a particular group of people B. Accurate and unbiased representations of individuals or groups C. Always based on personal experiences and observations D. Limited to positive attributes of individuals or groups Answer: A

9. How can stigma be reduced? A. By reinforcing negative beliefs and stereotypes B. By promoting education and awareness C. By segregating affected individuals from society D. By encouraging discriminatory behavior Answer: B

10. Implicit bias refers to: A. Conscious and intentional biases towards a specific group B. Unconscious and automatic biases towards a specific group C. Equal treatment of all individuals, regardless of their characteristics D. Biases that are openly expressed and acknowledged Answer: B

11. Structural discrimination is characterized by: A. Discrimination that occurs within one's family structure B. Discrimination perpetuated by societal institutions and systems C. Discrimination based on personal beliefs and attitudes D. Discrimination experienced in interpersonal relationships Answer: B

12. Microaggressions are: A. Blatant and overt discriminatory acts towards a group B. Subtle and indirect discriminatory comments or behaviors towards a group C. Acts of kindness and support towards a group D. Stereotypes perpetuated by the media Answer: B

13. Inclusive language is important to combat discrimination because it: A. Reinforces stereotypes and biases B. Promotes exclusivity and division within a community C. Ensures everyone feels respected and valued D. Suppresses freedom of speech Answer: C

14. Discrimination based on gender identity or expression is known as: A. Homophobia B. Transphobia C. Racism D. Ageism Answer: B

15. What is the role of allyship in combating stigma and discrimination? A. Perpetuating stereotypes and biases B. Challenging prejudice and supporting marginalized groups C. Ignoring the issue of discrimination D. Enforcing discriminatory practices Answer: B

16. Ageism refers to discrimination based on: A. Gender B. Age C. Race D. Sexual orientation Answer: B

17. Intersectionality is a concept that acknowledges: A. The importance of individual differences within a group B. The interconnectedness of social categorizations like race, gender, and class C. The superiority of one social group over another D. The separation of social groups for equal treatment Answer: B

18. Which of the following is an example of institutional discrimination? A. An individual expressing prejudice towards a certain group B. A company implementing policies that limit opportunities for a specific ethnicity C. A person avoiding social interaction with someone due to their appearance D. A friend making a joke based on stereotypes Answer: B

19. Perceived stigma refers to: A. Discrimination experienced by a person due to their own beliefs B. Discrimination perceived or anticipated by a person, regardless of whether it is real or not C. Discrimination encountered by a person from their friends and family D. Discrimination experienced by a person within their workplace Answer: B

20. Internalized stigma is when: A. A person accepts and believes the negative stereotypes and prejudices directed towards their group B. A person becomes an advocate for their community C. A person denies the existence of discrimination D. A person remains neutral on issues of discrimination Answer: A

21. What is the impact of discrimination on mental health? A. Improved mental well-being B. Enhanced self-esteem C. Increased risk of anxiety, depression, and other mental health issues D. Reduced need for seeking help and support Answer: C

22. Prejudice can be based on: A. Accurate and unbiased information B. Personal experiences and interactions C. Stereotypes and limited information D. Open-mindedness and acceptance Answer: C

23. What is the role of media in perpetuating or combating stigma and discrimination? A. Reinforcing stereotypes and biases B. Promoting accurate and diverse representations of individuals and communities C. Ignoring the issue of discrimination D. Enforcing discriminatory practices Answer: B

24. A "bystander" in the context of discrimination is someone who: A. Witnesses discrimination but does nothing to intervene or address it B. Engages in discriminatory behavior towards others C. Advocates for equality and inclusion D. Has experienced discrimination personally Answer: A

25. Implicit bias can be mitigated through: A. Awareness, education, and conscious efforts to challenge biases B. Isolating oneself from diverse social environments C. Avoiding interactions with individuals from different backgrounds D. Suppressing awareness of personal biases Answer: A

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