15 MCQ on Problems of Statehood: Integration and Legitimization with answers

15 MCQ on Problems of Statehood: Integration and Legitimization with answers

1. What is the term used to describe the process of a state exerting its authority and control over its territory and population?
   A) Democratization
   B) Centralization
   C) Integration
   D) Federalization
   Answer: B) Centralization

2. Which of the following is NOT a challenge to state integration?
   A) Ethnic diversity
   B) Economic inequality
   C) Political stability
   D) Cultural homogeneity
   Answer: D) Cultural homogeneity

3. Which theory emphasizes the importance of shared values, norms, and identities in maintaining state cohesion?
   A) Realism
   B) Constructivism
   C) Liberalism
   D) Marxism
   Answer: B) Constructivism

4. Which factor can contribute to the legitimacy of a state?
   A) Economic prosperity
   B) Political repression
   C) Ethnic homogeneity
   D) Military dictatorship
   Answer: A) Economic prosperity

5. Legitimacy in governance refers to:
   A) The legal authority of the state
   B) The acceptance and support of the state by its citizens
   C) The military power of the state
   D) The economic strength of the state
   Answer: B) The acceptance and support of the state by its citizens

6. Which of the following is an example of a state facing challenges to its territorial integrity?
   A) Switzerland
   B) Japan
   C) Nigeria
   D) Canada
   Answer: C) Nigeria

7. Which approach to statehood emphasizes the importance of state institutions and political processes in maintaining stability?
   A) Institutionalism
   B) Marxism
   C) Postcolonialism
   D) Anarchism
   Answer: A) Institutionalism

8. What term describes the process of a state extending its control and authority over new territories and populations?
   A) Annexation
   B) Integration
   C) Colonization
   D) Globalization
   Answer: A) Annexation

9. Which factor is NOT typically associated with the formation of a nation-state?
   A) Shared language
   B) Political boundaries
   C) Cultural homogeneity
   D) Ethnic diversity
   Answer: D) Ethnic diversity

10. What is the term used to describe a state that faces opposition from within its own borders, often due to ethnic or ideological differences?
    A) Failed state
    B) Authoritarian state
    C) Revolutionary state
    D) Fragmented state
    Answer: D) Fragmented state

11. Which of the following is NOT a method of state legitimation?
    A) Democratic elections
    B) Religious endorsement
    C) Economic development
    D) Military intervention
    Answer: D) Military intervention

12. Which concept refers to the idea that states derive their authority from the consent of the governed?
    A) Divine right
    B) Social contract
    C) Monarchy
    D) Totalitarianism
    Answer: B) Social contract

13. Which of the following is an example of a supranational organization aimed at promoting integration among member states?
    A) United Nations
    B) World Bank
    C) European Union
    D) NATO
    Answer: C) European Union

14. What term describes the process of a state fragmenting into smaller political entities?
    A) Decentralization
    B) Disintegration
    C) Devolution
    D) Balkanization
    Answer: D) Balkanization

15. Which of the following factors contributes to state legitimacy?
    A) Widespread corruption
    B) Ethnically-based policies
    C) Effective governance
    D) Authoritarian rule
    Answer: C) Effective governance

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