15 MCQ on Military and Political Parties with answers

15 MCQ on Military and Political Parties with answers 

1. Which of the following describes a country where the military plays a significant role in shaping political decisions and governance?
   A) Civilian supremacy
   B) Military dictatorship
   C) Liberal democracy
   D) Authoritarianism
   Answer: B) Military dictatorship

2. In a military-led regime, what role do political parties typically play?
   A) They are allowed to operate freely and contest elections.
   B) They are suppressed and often banned.
   C) They collaborate closely with the military.
   D) They control the military's actions.
   Answer: B) They are suppressed and often banned.

3. Which of the following is a characteristic of a military junta?
   A) Pluralistic political representation
   B) Rule by a committee of military leaders
   C) Elected civilian government
   D) Emphasis on human rights
   Answer: B) Rule by a committee of military leaders

4. What term describes a system in which the military maintains a significant presence in civilian government institutions?
   A) Military interventionism
   B) Civil-military relations
   C) Authoritarianism
   D) Pluralism
   Answer: B) Civil-military relations

5. In a democracy, what is the role of the military in relation to political parties?
   A) The military is subordinate to civilian authority and does not interfere with political parties.
   B) The military determines which political parties are allowed to participate in elections.
   C) The military controls political parties through coercion and force.
   D) The military forms its own political party to contest elections.
   Answer: A) The military is subordinate to civilian authority and does not interfere with political parties.

6. What term describes the phenomenon where a military overthrows a civilian government and assumes control?
   A) Coup d'état
   B) Revolution
   C) Secession
   D) Referendum
   Answer: A) Coup d'état

7. How do political parties influence military policy in a democracy?
   A) They have no influence on military policy.
   B) They formulate military strategy independently of the military.
   C) They influence military policy through legislation and oversight.
   D) They rely on the military to make all policy decisions.
   Answer: C) They influence military policy through legislation and oversight.

8. In which type of government structure do political parties have the most influence over military decision-making?
   A) Military junta
   B) Authoritarian regime
   C) Totalitarian state
   D) Liberal democracy
   Answer: D) Liberal democracy

9. Which of the following is a potential consequence of military intervention in politics?
   A) Strengthening of democratic institutions
   B) Protection of civil liberties
   C) Political instability and repression
   D) Promotion of pluralism
   Answer: C) Political instability and repression

10. What role does the military often play in transitional governments?
    A) Leading democratic reforms
    B) Supporting authoritarian rule
    C) Providing stability and security
    D) Suppressing dissent
    Answer: C) Providing stability and security

11. How do political parties influence military spending and budget allocation?
    A) Political parties have no influence over military spending.
    B) Political parties determine military spending based on civilian needs.
    C) Political parties negotiate military budgets with military leaders.
    D) The military independently decides on its budget without political interference.
    **Answer: C) Political parties negotiate military budgets with military leaders.**

12. Which type of political party is more likely to advocate for military expansion and intervention?
    A) Left-wing parties
    B) Right-wing parties
    C) Centrist parties
    D) Green parties
    Answer: B) Right-wing parties

13. What term describes the practice of military officers running for political office while still serving in the military?
    A) Coup d'état
    B) Military coup
    C) Militarization
    D) Coupling
    Answer: C) Militarization

14. How do political parties influence military recruitment policies?
    A) Political parties have no influence over military recruitment.
    B) Political parties determine recruitment criteria based on civilian needs.
    C) Political parties negotiate recruitment policies with military leaders.
    D) The military independently decides on recruitment policies without political interference.
    Answer: C) Political parties negotiate recruitment policies with military leaders.

15. What is the term used to describe a political party formed by military leaders to maintain control over the government?
    A) Junta party
    B) Military party
    C) Vanguard party
    D) Ruling party
    Answer: B) Military party

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