15 MCQ on Salient Features of Political Thought in Modern India with answers

15 MCQ on Salient Features of Political Thought in Modern India with answers

1. Who among the following was a prominent advocate of the concept of "Sarvodaya" in modern Indian political thought?
   A) Jawaharlal Nehru
   B) B.R. Ambedkar
   C) Mahatma Gandhi
   D) Subhas Chandra Bose
   Correct Answer: C) Mahatma Gandhi

2. The political philosophy of "Integral Humanism" in modern India was propounded by:
   A) Jawaharlal Nehru
   B) Ram Manohar Lohia
   C) Deendayal Upadhyaya
   D) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
   Correct Answer: C) Deendayal Upadhyaya

3. The term "Satyagraha" in modern Indian political thought refers to:
   A) Non-violent resistance and civil disobedience.
   B) Militant uprising against colonial rule.
   C) Armed struggle for independence.
   D) Religious conversion.
   Correct Answer: A) Non-violent resistance and civil disobedience.

4. The idea of "social justice" as a guiding principle in modern Indian political thought was strongly advocated by:
   A) Jawaharlal Nehru
   B) B.R. Ambedkar
   C) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
   D) Subhas Chandra Bose
   Correct Answer: B) B.R. Ambedkar

5. Who among the following played a crucial role in framing the Indian Constitution and emphasized the importance of fundamental rights?
   A) Jawaharlal Nehru
   B) Mahatma Gandhi
   C) B.R. Ambedkar
   D) Subhas Chandra Bose
   Correct Answer: C) B.R. Ambedkar

6. The political philosophy of "Socialism" in modern India emphasizes:
   A) Free market capitalism.
   B) State ownership of the means of production and distribution.
   C) Caste-based discrimination.
   D) Religious orthodoxy.
   Correct Answer: B) State ownership of the means of production and distribution.

7. Who among the following leaders is associated with the idea of "Purna Swaraj" (Complete Independence) for India?
   A) Jawaharlal Nehru
   B) Subhas Chandra Bose
   C) B.R. Ambedkar
   D) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
   Correct Answer: B) Subhas Chandra Bose

8. The political philosophy of "Secularism" in modern India advocates for:
   A) The dominance of a particular religion in state affairs.
   B) State neutrality towards all religions.
   C) Theocracy.
   D) Religious intolerance.
   Correct Answer: B) State neutrality towards all religions.

9. Who among the following leaders is associated with the idea of "Non-Aligned Movement" in international relations?
   A) Jawaharlal Nehru
   B) B.R. Ambedkar
   C) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
   D) Subhas Chandra Bose
   Correct Answer: A) Jawaharlal Nehru

10. The political philosophy of "Democratic Socialism" in modern India advocates for:
    A) A one-party state.
    B) A free-market economy with minimal government intervention.
    C) Social welfare programs within a democratic framework.
    D) Feudalism.
    Correct Answer: C) Social welfare programs within a democratic framework.

11. The term "Gandhian Socialism" refers to:
    A) State ownership of all industries.
    B) Non-violent socio-economic transformation based on Gandhian principles.
    C) Militant revolution against capitalism.
    D) Caste-based discrimination.
    Correct Answer: B) Non-violent socio-economic transformation based on Gandhian principles.

12. Who among the following leaders is associated with the idea of "Secularism with Indian Characteristics"?
    A) Jawaharlal Nehru
    B) Rajiv Gandhi
    C) Atal Bihari Vajpayee
    D) Indira Gandhi
    Correct Answer: C) Atal Bihari Vajpayee

13. The term "Hindutva" in modern Indian political thought refers to:
    A) Hindu religious orthodoxy.
    B) The ideology of Hindu nationalism.
    C) Hindu atheism.
    D) The caste system.
    Correct Answer: B) The ideology of Hindu nationalism.

14. Who among the following leaders is associated with the idea of "Green Revolution" in India?
    A) Jawaharlal Nehru
    B) Lal Bahadur Shastri
    C) Rajiv Gandhi
    D) Indira Gandhi
    Correct Answer: D) Indira Gandhi

15. The political philosophy of "Democratic Pluralism" in modern India emphasizes:
    A) Centralized authoritarian rule.
    B) The dominance of a single political party.
    C) Diversity of political opinions and multiparty democracy.
    D) Caste-based representation.
    Correct Answer: C) Diversity of political opinions and multiparty democracy.

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