15 MCQ on Political Thought in India: Diverse Strands with answers

15 MCQ on Political Thought in India: Diverse Strands with answers

1. Who is often regarded as the pioneer of political thought in ancient India?
   A) Mahatma Gandhi
   B) Kautilya (Chanakya)
   C) Swami Vivekananda
   D) Rabindranath Tagore
Correct Answer: B) Kautilya (Chanakya)

2. The concept of "Dharma" in Indian political thought emphasizes:
   A) Individual rights and freedoms.
   B) Duty, righteousness, and social order.
   C) The pursuit of material wealth.
   D) Authoritarian rule.
   Correct Answer: B) Duty, righteousness, and social order.

3. The Arthashastra, attributed to Chanakya, primarily focuses on:
   A) Spiritual enlightenment.
   B) Economic principles and statecraft.
   C) Social justice.
   D) Military strategies.
   Correct Answer: B) Economic principles and statecraft.

4. Who was the exponent of the concept of "Dharma Rajya," which advocated for a just and righteous rule?
   A) Mahatma Gandhi
   B) B.R. Ambedkar
   C) Jawaharlal Nehru
   D) Swami Vivekananda
   Correct Answer: A) Mahatma Gandhi

5. The idea of "Sarvodaya" in Indian political thought is associated with:
   A) Socialism
   B) Capitalism
   C) Communism
   D) Libertarianism
   Correct Answer: A) Socialism

6. The Bhakti movement in medieval India contributed to political thought by:
   A) Advocating for the caste system.
   B) Emphasizing devotion to a personal god and social equality.
   C) Promoting atheism.
   D) Supporting feudalism.
   Correct Answer: B) Emphasizing devotion to a personal god and social equality.

7. Who among the following was a key figure in the Indian nationalist movement and promoted the idea of "Purna Swaraj" (Complete Independence)?
   A) Rabindranath Tagore
   B) Subhas Chandra Bose
   C) Jawaharlal Nehru
   D) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
   Correct Answer: B) Subhas Chandra Bose

8. The political philosophy of Swami Vivekananda emphasized:
   A) Materialism and hedonism.
   B) Non-violence and spiritual democracy.
   C) Authoritarian rule.
   D) Caste-based discrimination.
   Correct Answer: B) Non-violence and spiritual democracy.

9. The term "Ahimsa" in Indian political thought refers to:
   A) Military conquest.
   B) Non-violence and peace.
   C) Religious conversion.
   D) Caste-based discrimination.
   Correct Answer: B) Non-violence and peace.

10. Who is known for his advocacy of Dalit rights and played a crucial role in framing the Indian Constitution?
    A) Mahatma Gandhi
    B) Rabindranath Tagore
    C) B.R. Ambedkar
    D) Jawaharlal Nehru
    Correct Answer: C) B.R. Ambedkar

11. The term "Sarvodaya" was popularized by:
    A) Mahatma Gandhi
    B) Swami Vivekananda
    C) B.R. Ambedkar
    D) Jawaharlal Nehru
    Correct Answer: A) Mahatma Gandhi

12. The concept of "Dharma" in Indian political thought encompasses:
    A) Individual rights and freedoms.
    B) Duty, righteousness, and social order.
    C) Material wealth and prosperity.
    D) Authoritarian rule.
    Correct Answer: B) Duty, righteousness, and social order.

13. The idea of "Swaraj" in Indian political thought is associated with:
    A) Economic prosperity.
    B) Social hierarchy.
    C) Self-governance and autonomy.
    D) Religious orthodoxy.
    Correct Answer: C) Self-governance and autonomy.

14. Who among the following leaders is associated with the idea of "Integral Humanism" as a political philosophy?
    A) Mahatma Gandhi
    B) Jawaharlal Nehru
    C) Deendayal Upadhyaya
    D) Subhas Chandra Bose
    Correct Answer: C) Deendayal Upadhyaya

15. The concept of "Satyagraha" in Indian political thought is closely associated with:
    A) Mahatma Gandhi
    B) B.R. Ambedkar
    C) Jawaharlal Nehru
    D) Subhas Chandra Bose
    Correct Answer: A) Mahatma Gandhi

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