Type of Prevention of Mental Illness

Prevention treatments aim to reduce risk factors while also strengthening protective aspects linked to mental illness. These risk and protective variables manifest themselves in everyday life. Perinatal effects; family connections and the home; schools and workplaces; all forms of interpersonal interactions; sports, art, and recreation activities; media influences; social and cultural activities; individual physical health; and community physical, social, and economic health. Prevention activities, including mental health and wellness promotion, are important to all people, regardless of their mental health condition. The intervention's focus, on the other hand, varies depending on whether it happens before the start of disease (primary prevention), during an episode of illness (secondary prevention), or after an incident of illness (post-episode prevention) (tertiary prevention)

Primary Prevention:

  1. The entire community should be targeted (universal)
  2. Target groups that have been identified as being at higher risk (selected) or
  3. Identify high-risk individuals who may be exhibiting early indications of mental illness (indicated).
Secondary prevention:
Early intervention initiatives and tactics, such as early identification and treatment, are designed to reduce the severity and duration of a disease. These procedures can take place at any age, from infancy to old age. Intervention happens early in the route to mental illness, which is what sets it apart.
Early intervention refers to therapies that are tailored to persons who are exhibiting early indications and symptoms of mental illness and are especially targeted at them. Early intervention, by definition, is a type of preventative action that encompasses both primary and secondary prevention. Interventions can include the following:
  1. Treatment focused on persons having a first episode of mental illness secondary prevention); and
  2.  Prevention focused on individuals beginning to display the early indications and symptoms of a problem (indicated primary prevention).
Tertiary prevention:
Interventions and methods aimed at reducing the negative effects of mental illness on a person's life, such as rehabilitation and relapse prevention. It also involves measures to guarantee that people have access to community resources including housing, work, and social connections.


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