23-MCQ on Structuralism with answer
If you're looking to test your knowledge on the topic of structuralism, this blog post is for you! We've compiled 23 multiple-choice questions on structuralism, including questions on key figures, principles, and methods. Check your understanding of topics such as introspection, the study of consciousness, and the limitations of structuralism. Answers are included, so you can easily check your performance and improve your understanding of this important field of Sociology and Psychology
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MCQ on Structuralism with answer
1-What is structuralism?
a) A method of analyzing social relations and cultural products that gives primacy to the pattern over substance
b) A political theory
c) A literary movement
d) An economic model
Answer: a) A method of analyzing social relations and cultural products that gives primacy to the pattern over substance
2-What is the origin of structuralism?
a) Linguistics, particularly from the work of Ferdinand de Saussure
b) Anthropology, particularly from the work of Claude Lévi-Strauss
c) Sociology, particularly from the work of Émile Durkheim
d) Psychology, particularly from the work of Sigmund Freud
Answer: a) Linguistics, particularly from the work of Ferdinand de Saussure
3-What is the main difference between structuralism and the structural-functional approach?
a) Structural-functional approach is interested in finding order within social relations, while structuralism endeavors to find the structures of thought and the structure of society
b) Structuralism follows inductive reasoning, while the structural-functional approach subscribes to deductive logic
c) Structuralism is concerned with relations between things, while the structural-functional approach is not
d) Structural-functional approach begins with certain premises, while structuralism does not
Answer: a) Structural-functional approach is interested in finding order within social relations, while structuralism endeavors to find the structures of thought and the structure of society
4-Who is often described as the ‘founder of structuralism in anthropology?
a) Ferdinand de Saussure
b) Émile Durkheim
c) Claude Lévi-Strauss
d) Bronislaw Malinowski
Answer: c) Claude Lévi-Strauss
5-What was Lévi-Strauss’s first fieldwork project?
a) Ethnographic projects with his students, working on the folklore of the surrounding areas of São Paulo
b) A field expedition to the Nambikwara
c) A study of the Caduveo tribe
d) A study of the Bororo tribe
Answer: c) A study of the Caduveo tribe
6-What was Lévi-Strauss’s aim in studying ethnographic facts and cultural objects from different cultural contexts?
a) To produce his own fieldwork studies
b) To become an anthropologist
c) To understand the working of the human mind
d) To create a museum exhibition
Answer: c) To understand the working of the human mind
7-Who introduced Lévi-Strauss to the methodology of structuralism?
a) Alexandre Koyré
b) Roman Jacobson
c) A.R. Radcliffe-Brown
d) Meyer Fortes
Answer: b) Roman Jacobson
8-What was the dominant theory in kinship studies before Lévi-Strauss’s alliance theory?
a) Descent theory
b) Alliance theory
c) Kinship exchange theory
d) Kinship classification theory
Answer: a) Descent theory
9-What is the significance of incest taboo for Lévi-Strauss?
a) It is a negative aspect of the rule of marriage.
b) It creates solidarity among the members of the group related by the ties of consanguinity.
c) It is the cornerstone of human society.
d) It is a pre-social social fact.
Answer: c) It is the cornerstone of human society.
10-What is the logical outcome of the prohibition of incest, according to Lévi-Strauss?
a) A system of exchange
b) Solidarity among the members of the group
c) The emergence of the descent theory
d) The emergence of alliance theory
Answer: a) A system of exchange
11-What is the title of Lévi-Strauss’s work on kinship?
a) The Savage Mind
b) Anthropologie Structurale
c) The Elementary Structures of Kinship
d) Le Totemism
Answer: c) The Elementary Structures of Kinship
12-What did Lévi-Strauss argue about social structure in his essay?
a) It is an empirical entity.
b) It is a province of inquiry.
c) It is a model.
d) It is a static entity.
Answer: c) It is a model.
13-Which books marked a shift in Lévi-Strauss's interest from the study of kinship to that of religion?
a) Anthropologie Structurale and Structural Anthropology
b) The Totemism and The Savage Mind
c) The Elementary Structures of Kinship and Le Totemism
d) The Savage Mind and Structural Anthropology
Answer: b) The Totemism and The Savage Mind
14-Who is considered the founder of structuralism?
A) Sigmund Freud
B) B.F. Skinner
C) Wilhelm Wundt
D) John B. Watson
Answer: C) Wilhelm Wundt
15-What is the main focus of structuralism?
A) The unconscious mind
B) Observable behavior
C) The structure of the mind
D) The power of rewards and punishments
Answer: C) The structure of the mind
16-Which of the following is a technique used in structuralism?
A) Free association
B) Dream Analysis
Answer: C) Introspection
17-What does structuralism emphasize in the study of consciousness?
A) The content of consciousness
B) The functions of consciousness
C) The process of consciousness
D) The unconscious mind
Answer: A) The content of consciousness
18-What is the primary criticism of structuralism?
A) It ignores the role of culture and individual differences
B) It relies too heavily on behaviorism
C) It overemphasizes the role of the unconscious mind
D) It lacks scientific rigor
Answer: A) It ignores the role of culture and individual differences
19-What is the term used to describe the process of breaking down mental processes into their individual components?
Answer: C) Reductionism
20-According to structuralism, what is the purpose of introspection?
A) To understand the unconscious mind
B) To observe and record subjective experiences
C) To diagnose mental disorders
D) To promote positive thinking
Answer: B) To observe and record subjective experiences
21-What is the name of the structuralist who introduced the concept of the "stream of consciousness"?
A) William James
B) Ivan Pavlov
C) B.F. Skinner
D) John Dewey
Answer: A) William James
22-Which of the following statements is true about the relationship between structuralism and functionalism?
A) Functionalism was a reaction against structuralism
B) Structuralism and functionalism were unrelated schools of thought
C) Structuralism was a precursor to functionalism
D) Structuralism and functionalism were essentially the same thing
Answer: A) Functionalism was a reaction against structuralism
23-What is the main difference between structuralism and behaviorism?
A) Structuralism emphasizes the study of mental processes, while behaviorism emphasizes observable behavior
B) Structuralism emphasizes the importance of rewards and punishments, while behaviorism emphasizes the unconscious mind
C) Structuralism emphasizes the importance of culture, while behaviorism emphasizes individual differences
D) Structuralism and behaviorism are essentially the same things
Answer: A) Structuralism emphasizes the study of mental processes, while behaviorism emphasizes observable behavior