William Beveridge's Five Giants

William Beveridge was a British economist and social reformer who proposed a comprehensive social security system in the United Kingdom. His report, titled Social Insurance and Allied Services, was published in 1942 and became the basis for the post-war welfare state in the UK.

The five giants that Beveridge identified as the main causes of poverty and social deprivation were:

  • Want: lack of adequate income
  • Disease: poor health
  • Ignorance: lack of education
  • Squalor: poor housing conditions
  • Idleness: unemployment

Beveridge argued that these five giants could be tackled by a massive programme of social legislation, including a national insurance scheme, a national health service, and family allowances. His report was highly influential and its recommendations were largely implemented by the Labour government after the war.

The other options are incorrect. HH. Pearlman was an American economist who wrote about social security, but he did not propose a plan to tackle the five giants. Clarke William and Hughman are not known economists or social reformers.

UGC NET 2021 Social Work-2021-Q-3

3-"Want, Disease, Ignorance, Squlor and Idleness" were the five giants to be tackeled by a massive programme of social legislation. It was proposed by

  1. HH. Pearlman
  2. William Beveridge
  3. Clarke William
  4. Hughman

 The answer is (2) William Beveridge.


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