20 MCQ on Cognitive and Psychoanalytical Techniques in Counselling

20 MCQ on Cognitive and Psychoanalytical Techniques in Counselling 

1. Question: The technique of "cognitive reframing" involves: a) Reinforcing negative thought patterns b) Changing negative thought patterns into more positive and adaptive ones c) Validating the client's negative thoughts d) Ignoring the client's thoughts Answer: b) Changing negative thought patterns into more positive and adaptive ones

2. Question: "Identifying and challenging cognitive distortions" is a technique commonly associated with which counseling approach? a) Psychoanalytic counseling b) Cognitive-behavioral counseling c) Humanistic counseling d) Gestalt counseling Answer: b) Cognitive-behavioral counseling

3. Question: The cognitive technique of "thought stopping" involves: a) Encouraging the client to continuously think about their problems b) Teaching the client to interrupt and replace negative thoughts with positive ones c) Analyzing the client's past experiences d) Ignoring the client's thoughts and concerns Answer: b) Teaching the client to interrupt and replace negative thoughts with positive ones

4. Question: In psychoanalytical counseling, what is the primary goal of "free association"? a) Encouraging the client to express any thought that comes to mind b) Challenging the client's thought patterns c) Analyzing the client's dreams d) Providing immediate solutions to the client's concerns Answer: a) Encouraging the client to express any thought that comes to mind

5. Question: "Transference" in psychoanalytical counseling refers to: a) Projecting one's feelings and emotions onto the counselor b) Analyzing the client's past experiences c) Encouraging the client to express emotions freely d) Ignoring the client's emotions Answer: a) Projecting one's feelings and emotions onto the counselor

6. Question: In cognitive counseling, what does "cognitive restructuring" primarily involve? a) Identifying and modifying negative thought patterns and beliefs b) Analyzing the client's family dynamics c) Encouraging the client to express emotions d) Ignoring the client's thought patterns Answer: a) Identifying and modifying negative thought patterns and beliefs

7. Question: The psychoanalytic technique of "dream analysis" involves: a) Interpreting the client's dreams to uncover unconscious thoughts and conflicts b) Reinforcing positive thought patterns c) Ignoring the client's dreams d) Providing solutions to the client's concerns Answer: a) Interpreting the client's dreams to uncover unconscious thoughts and conflicts

8. Question: "Cognitive restructuring" aims to: a) Reinforce negative thought patterns b) Identify and challenge irrational thoughts and beliefs c) Encourage the client to avoid thinking about their concerns d) Analyze the client's past experiences Answer: b) Identify and challenge irrational thoughts and beliefs

9. Question: In cognitive counseling, what does "thought challenging" involve? a) Accepting the client's negative thoughts as valid b) Encouraging the client to avoid challenging their thoughts c) Actively questioning and evaluating the accuracy of negative thoughts d) Ignoring the client's thoughts Answer: c) Actively questioning and evaluating the accuracy of negative thoughts

10. Question: "Cognitive rehearsal" in cognitive counseling involves: a) Reinforcing negative thought patterns b) Practicing and visualizing positive behavioral responses to challenging situations c) Analyzing the client's unconscious conflicts d) Providing immediate solutions to the client's concerns Answer: b) Practicing and visualizing positive behavioral responses to challenging situations

11. Question: The psychoanalytic technique of "interpretation" involves: a) Encouraging the client to interpret their dreams b) Providing the counselor's understanding and meaning of the client's thoughts and behaviors c) Analyzing the client's family dynamics d) Ignoring the client's concerns Answer: b) Providing the counselor's understanding and meaning of the client's thoughts and behaviors

12. Question: "Cognitive rehearsal" in cognitive counseling aims to: a) Reinforce maladaptive behaviors b) Practice and reinforce new and adaptive thoughts and behaviors c) Analyze the client's dreams d) Ignore the client's concerns Answer: b) Practice and reinforce new and adaptive thoughts and behaviors

13. Question: The psychoanalytic technique of "transference analysis" involves: a) Identifying the client's projections and feelings toward the counselor b) Encouraging the client to express emotions c) Analyzing the client's childhood experiences d) Ignoring the client's projections Answer: a) Identifying the client's projections and feelings toward the counselor

14. Question: In cognitive counseling, what is the primary goal of "behavioral experiments"? a) Reinforcing negative behaviors b) Testing and challenging distorted thoughts and beliefs through behavioral actions c) Analyzing the client's unconscious thoughts d) Ignoring the client's behaviors Answer: b) Testing and challenging distorted thoughts and beliefs through behavioral actions

15. Question: The psychoanalytic technique of "working through" involves: a) Encouraging the client to work through their concerns independently b) Analyzing the client's dream content c) Revisiting and processing unresolved issues and conflicts in therapy d) Providing immediate solutions to the client's concerns Answer: c) Revisiting and processing unresolved issues and conflicts in therapy

16. Question: The cognitive technique of "mindfulness" involves: a) Ignoring the present moment and focusing on the past b) Focusing on the future and setting long-term goals c) Being fully present and aware of the current moment without judgment d) Analyzing past experiences to understand current behavior Answer: c) Being fully present and aware of the current moment without judgment

17. Question: In psychoanalytic counseling, what is the primary purpose of "working with resistance"? a) Encouraging the client to resist change b) Analyzing the client's family dynamics c) Overcoming barriers and obstacles in the therapeutic process d) Ignoring the client's resistance Answer: c) Overcoming barriers and obstacles in the therapeutic process

18. Question: The cognitive technique of "self-monitoring" involves: a) Ignoring the client's thoughts and behaviors b) Encouraging the client to be aware of their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors c) Reinforcing negative thought patterns d) Analyzing the client's dreams Answer: b) Encouraging the client to be aware of their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors

19. Question: "Automatic thought identification" is a technique commonly associated with which counseling approach? a) Psychoanalytic counseling b) Cognitive-behavioral counseling c) Humanistic counseling d) Gestalt counseling Answer: b) Cognitive-behavioral counseling

20. Question: In psychoanalytic counseling, what is the primary goal of "catharsis"? a) Encouraging the client to suppress emotions b) Allowing the client to experience and release repressed emotions c) Ignoring the client's emotional expression d) Analyzing the client's past experiences Answer: b) Allowing the client to experience and release repressed emotions

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