25 MCQ on Data Collection

25 MCQ on Data Collection 

Question 1: Which of the following is a primary objective of data collection in research? a) To obtain general knowledge on the research topic b) To test a hypothesis c) To conduct a literature review d) To provide recommendations for future research

Answer: b) To test a hypothesis

Question 2: Data collection is the process of: a) Analyzing research findings b) Gathering and measuring information on variables of interest c) Developing research questions d) Selecting a research methodology

Answer: b) Gathering and measuring information on variables of interest

Question 3: A survey is an example of which data collection method? a) Questionnaire b) Experiment c) Interview d) Observation

Answer: a) Questionnaire

Question 4: Which of the following is an advantage of using interviews for data collection? a) Standardization of responses b) Cost-effectiveness c) In-depth understanding of participants' responses d) Large sample sizes

Answer: c) In-depth understanding of participants' responses

Question 5: In data collection, what does the term "sampling" refer to? a) The process of selecting a representative subset of the population b) The analysis of collected data c) The organization and storage of data d) The validation of data through statistical tests

Answer: a) The process of selecting a representative subset of the population

Question 6: Which data collection method involves directly observing and recording behaviors, events, or phenomena as they occur? a) Observation b) Interview c) Survey d) Experiment

Answer: a) Observation

Question 7: In data collection, what is meant by "data validation"? a) Checking the accuracy and reliability of collected data b) Analyzing the data to draw conclusions c) Organizing the data into meaningful patterns d) Storing the data for future reference

Answer: a) Checking the accuracy and reliability of collected data

Question 8: Which of the following is a characteristic of quantitative data collection? a) Focus on understanding context and meanings b) Collection of numerical data c) Use of open-ended questions d) Emphasis on subjective experiences

Answer: b) Collection of numerical data

Question 9: A researcher wants to study the behaviors of students in a classroom. Which data collection method would be most appropriate? a) Observation b) Survey c) Interview d) Experiment

Answer: a) Observation

Question 10: Which data collection method is most suitable for gathering in-depth information about a complex phenomenon? a) Interview b) Survey c) Observation d) Experiment

Answer: a) Interview

Question 11: Which data collection method allows the researcher to control and manipulate variables to establish cause-and-effect relationships? a) Experiment b) Observation c) Interview d) Survey

Answer: a) Experiment

Question 12: What is the primary purpose of a pilot study in data collection? a) To finalize the research questions b) To identify potential biases in the data collection process c) To conduct a preliminary analysis of the data d) To determine the sample size

Answer: b) To identify potential biases in the data collection process

Question 13: Which of the following data collection methods allows for anonymity and privacy of respondents? a) Self-administered questionnaire b) Face-to-face interview c) Group discussion d) Phone interview

Answer: a) Self-administered questionnaire

Question 14: Which of the following is a disadvantage of using questionnaires for data collection? a) Limited sample size b) Difficulty in administering c) Low response rate d) Inability to ask follow-up questions

Answer: c) Low response rate

Question 15: Which data collection method involves gathering information from a predefined list of questions asked to individuals or a group? a) Questionnaire b) Interview c) Observation d) Experiment

Answer: a) Questionnaire

Question 16: In data collection, what does the term "sampling frame" refer to? a) The list of individuals or elements from which a sample will be drawn b) The technique used to collect data c) The process of organizing data into meaningful patterns d) The analysis and interpretation of data

Answer: a) The list of individuals or elements from which a sample will be drawn

Question 17: Which of the following is an advantage of using interviews over questionnaires for data collection? a) Higher response rates b) Standardization of responses c) Ability to clarify and probe responses d) Cost-effectiveness

Answer: c) Ability to clarify and probe responses

Question 18: In data collection, what does the term "non-response bias" refer to? a) Bias resulting from individuals who did not respond to the data collection effort b) Bias introduced by the researcher's preferences and opinions c) Bias resulting from data entry errors d) Bias introduced by the wording of survey questions

Answer: a) Bias resulting from individuals who did not respond to the data collection effort

Question 19: Which data collection method is often used in medical and psychological research to measure physiological or cognitive responses? a) Experiment b) Observation c) Survey d) Interview

Answer: a) Experiment

Question 20: A researcher is interested in understanding public opinion about a new government policy. Which data collection method is most appropriate? a) Survey b) Experiment c) Observation d) Interview

Answer: a) Survey

Question 21: What is the purpose of data cleaning in the data collection process? a) To ensure data accuracy and consistency b) To analyze and interpret the collected data c) To select an appropriate sample size d) To conduct a pilot study

Answer: a) To ensure data accuracy and consistency

Question 22: A researcher is interested in studying the behavior of shoppers in a mall. Which data collection method is most suitable? a) Observation b) Experiment c) Survey d) Interview

Answer: a) Observation

Question 23: Which of the following is a characteristic of qualitative data collection? a) Collection of numerical data b) Emphasis on statistical analysis c) Focus on understanding context and meanings d) Use of structured questionnaires

Answer: c) Focus on understanding context and meanings

Question 24: Which data collection method is most suitable for exploring social interactions and group dynamics? a) Group discussion b) Self-administered questionnaire c) Phone interview d) Structured observation

Answer: a) Group discussion

Question 25: What is the purpose of data triangulation in the data collection process? a) To enhance the credibility and validity of the findings b) To determine the appropriate research methodology c) To select an appropriate sample size d) To analyze and interpret the collected data

Answer: a) To enhance the credibility and validity of the findings

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