25 MCQ on Interview, Observation and Documents

25 MCQ on Interview, Observation, and Documents 

Question 1: An interview in research is a method of: a) Collecting primary data through face-to-face interaction b) Analyzing secondary data from various sources c) Conducting experiments in a controlled environment d) Using questionnaires for data collection

Answer: a) Collecting primary data through face-to-face interaction

Question 2: Which type of interview is characterized by a structured set of questions asked in a specific order, with little deviation from the script? a) Structured interview b) Semi-structured interview c) Unstructured interview d) Focus group interview

Answer: a) Structured interview

Question 3: An interview method where the interviewer has a set of predetermined questions but can also ask follow-up questions and explore new topics is known as: a) Semi-structured interview b) Structured interview c) Unstructured interview d) Group interview

Answer: a) Semi-structured interview

Question 4: Observational research involves: a) Systematically watching and recording behaviors, events, or phenomena as they occur b) Collecting data through surveys and questionnaires c) Analyzing historical documents and archives d) Conducting controlled experiments

Answer: a) Systematically watching and recording behaviors, events, or phenomena as they occur

Question 5: Which type of observation involves the researcher being a participant in the setting being observed? a) Participant observation b) Non-participant observation c) Structured observation d) Unstructured observation

Answer: a) Participant observation

Question 6: A researcher observing behavior in a laboratory setting is an example of: a) Controlled observation b) Naturalistic observation c) Participant observation d) Structured observation

Answer: a) Controlled observation

Question 7: Documents in research refer to: a) Written, visual, or auditory materials that provide information and data b) Data collected through surveys and questionnaires c) Controlled experiments in a laboratory setting d) Information obtained through interviews

Answer: a) Written, visual, or auditory materials that provide information and data

Question 8: Which type of document contains raw, unanalyzed, or unevaluated information or data? a) Primary documents b) Secondary documents c) Tertiary documents d) Quaternary documents

Answer: a) Primary documents

Question 9: A researcher analyzing historical records, newspapers, and official reports is utilizing which type of document analysis? a) Content analysis b) Thematic analysis c) Discourse analysis d) Narrative analysis

Answer: a) Content analysis

Question 10: In research, a structured interview is most similar to which type of observation? a) Structured observation b) Participant observation c) Unstructured observation d) Naturalistic observation

Answer: a) Structured observation

Question 11: Which of the following is a potential limitation of using observations in research? a) Observer bias b) Difficulty in recording data c) Lack of ecological validity d) Limited availability of participants

Answer: a) Observer bias

Question 12: An unstructured interview is characterized by: a) Flexibility in the order and wording of questions b) A predetermined set of questions asked in a specific order c) A large sample size d) High control over the interview process

Answer: a) Flexibility in the order and wording of questions

Question 13: Which type of document provides an analysis or interpretation of primary sources? a) Secondary documents b) Primary documents c) Tertiary documents d) Quaternary documents

Answer: a) Secondary documents

Question 14: In research, what is the purpose of conducting an unstructured interview? a) To allow for open-ended exploration of topics b) To ensure consistency in responses c) To control for confounding variables d) To increase the sample size

Answer: a) To allow for open-ended exploration of topics

Question 15: When conducting document analysis, what does the term "coding" refer to? a) Categorizing and labeling specific content in the documents b) Collecting data through interviews c) Analyzing historical documents and archives d) Identifying the main theme of a document

Answer: a) Categorizing and labeling specific content in the documents

Question 16: Which of the following is an advantage of using interviews as a data collection method? a) Provides in-depth information and insights b) Allows for large sample sizes c) Reduces researcher bias d) Provides quantifiable data

Answer: a) Provides in-depth information and insights

Question 17: In observational research, what is the observer effect? a) Changes in behavior due to the awareness of being observed b) The influence of the researcher's bias on the observations c) The phenomenon of natural behavior being observed d) The relationship between variables being observed

Answer: a) Changes in behavior due to the awareness of being observed

Question 18: Which type of interview involves a group of participants being interviewed simultaneously? a) Group interview b) Structured interview c) Semi-structured interview d) Unstructured interview

Answer: a) Group interview

Question 19: Which of the following is a disadvantage of using documents as a research tool? a) Documents may lack accuracy and reliability b) Documents are difficult to access and obtain c) Documents provide limited historical context d) Documents can only be analyzed using qualitative methods

Answer: a) Documents may lack accuracy and reliability

Question 20: In observation research, what is reactivity? a) Changes in behavior due to the presence of the observer b) The method used to record observations c) The accuracy and reliability of observations d) The number of participants being observed

Answer: a) Changes in behavior due to the presence of the observer

Question 21: Which of the following is an example of a primary document? a) Diary written during World War II b) Encyclopedia entry on World War II c) Research article analyzing World War II d) Documentary film on World War II

Answer: a) Diary written during World War II

Question 22: Which type of observation involves the researcher being an unseen observer, collecting data without the participants' knowledge? a) Covert observation b) Overt observation c) Participant observation d) Structured observation

Answer: a) Covert observation

Question 23: In an unstructured interview, how are questions typically formulated? a) Open-ended and flexible b) Closed-ended and standardized c) Multiple-choice and specific d) Rank-ordered and structured

Answer: a) Open-ended and flexible

Question 24: Which type of interview is often used in survey research and allows for efficient data collection from a large number of participants? a) Telephone interview b) Face-to-face interview c) Group interview d) Structured interview

Answer: a) Telephone interview

Question 25: In observational research, what is the term for the process of systematically recording observations at specified time intervals? a) Event sampling b) Time sampling c) Naturalistic observation d) Structured observation

Answer: b) Time sampling

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