25 MCQ on HIV/AIDS and its Implications for Individual, Family and Community

25 MCQ on HIV/AIDS and its Implications for Individual, Family and Community

1. Which virus is responsible for causing HIV/AIDS?

a) Hepatitis B b) Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) c) Influenza d) Herpes simplex virus

Correct answer: b) Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

2. How is HIV primarily transmitted? a) Through casual contact b) Through mosquitoes c) Sexual contact d) Sharing utensils

Correct answer: c) Sexual contact

3. Which body fluid is the most common route of HIV transmission? a) Saliva b) Sweat c) Blood d) Tears

Correct answer: c) Blood

4. Which of the following is NOT a common method of preventing HIV transmission? a) Using condoms b) PrEP (Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis) c) Sharing needles d) PEP (Post-Exposure Prophylaxis)

Correct answer: c) Sharing needles

5. What does HIV stand for? a) Human Immunodeficiency Virus b) Highly Infectious Virus c) Human Influenza Virus d) Highly Immunodeficient Virus

Correct answer: a) Human Immunodeficiency Virus

6. Which group is at the highest risk for HIV infection in most regions? a) Elderly individuals b) Teenagers c) Injection drug users d) Athletes

Correct answer: c) Injection drug users

7. Which of the following is a common symptom of HIV infection? a) Persistent cough b) High blood pressure c) Constant fatigue d) Elevated cholesterol levels

Correct answer: a) Persistent cough

8. How can HIV/AIDS be diagnosed? a) Blood test b) Urine test c) X-ray d) Stool test

Correct answer: a) Blood test

9. What does AIDS stand for? a) Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome b) Acute Inflammatory Disease Syndrome c) Advanced Infectious Degenerative Syndrome d) All Infections Destroying System

Correct answer: a) Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

10. How can HIV be prevented during sexual activity? a) Abstinence b) Monogamy with an uninfected partner c) Using barrier methods like condoms d) All of the above

Correct answer: d) All of the above

11. Which of the following is a long-term consequence of untreated HIV infection? a) Diabetes b) Cardiovascular disease c) AIDS d) Arthritis

Correct answer: c) AIDS

12. How can HIV/AIDS impact a person's mental health? a) Increased stress and anxiety b) Improved cognitive function c) Reduced social interactions d) Enhanced memory

Correct answer: a) Increased stress and anxiety

13. What is a key component of HIV treatment and management? a) Antiretroviral therapy (ART) b) Antibiotics c) Painkillers d) Antifungal medication

Correct answer: a) Antiretroviral therapy (ART)

14. Which is true regarding HIV infection and pregnancy? a) HIV cannot be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy or breastfeeding b) HIV-positive mothers should not breastfeed their infants c) HIV can only be transmitted to the baby during labor and delivery d) HIV-positive mothers can have a vaginal delivery without any risk of transmission

Correct answer: b) HIV-positive mothers should not breastfeed their infants

15. How can communities raise awareness and prevent HIV/AIDS? a) Education and awareness programs b) Isolation and stigmatization c) Limiting access to healthcare d) Promoting discrimination

Correct answer: a) Education and awareness programs

16. Which age group has shown a rising trend in HIV infection rates in recent years? a) Adolescents and young adults b) Middle-aged individuals c) Elderly population d) Children under 10

Correct answer: a) Adolescents and young adults

17. How can an HIV-positive individual reduce the risk of passing on the virus to others? a) Using condoms consistently and correctly b) Engaging in multiple sexual partners c) Avoiding HIV medication d) None of the above

Correct answer: a) Using condoms consistently and correctly

18. How does HIV/AIDS affect the immune system? a) Enhances immune response b) Weakens and eventually destroys the immune system c) Has no effect on the immune system d) Boosts the production of white blood cells

Correct answer: b) Weakens and eventually destroys the immune system

19. How can an individual reduce their risk of HIV through drug use? a) Sharing needles and syringes b) Seeking treatment for drug addiction c) Avoiding healthcare providers d) Using drugs in a group setting

Correct answer: b) Seeking treatment for drug addiction

20. How does HIV affect family dynamics? a) Strengthens family bonds b) Causes stigma and discrimination within the family c) Has no impact on family relationships d) Improves communication within the family

Correct answer: b) Causes stigma and discrimination within the family

21. What role can schools play in HIV/AIDS prevention? a) Providing accurate sex education b) Encouraging risky behaviors c) Avoiding discussions about HIV/AIDS d) Promoting abstinence-only education

Correct answer: a) Providing accurate sex education

22. What is a common mode of HIV transmission among healthcare workers? a) Contact with surfaces b) Airborne transmission c) Needlestick injuries d) Ingestion of contaminated food

Correct answer: c) Needlestick injuries

23. How can communities support individuals living with HIV/AIDS? a) Providing emotional and social support b) Isolating them from the community c) Spreading misinformation about HIV d) Encouraging discrimination

Correct answer: a) Providing emotional and social support

24. How does HIV/AIDS affect employment and productivity? a) Enhances work performance b) Does not affect employment or productivity c) Can lead to job loss and decreased productivity d) Increases job satisfaction

Correct answer: c) Can lead to job loss and decreased productivity

25. How can HIV/AIDS impact a person's overall quality of life? a) Improves mental and physical well-being b) Reduces life expectancy c) Has no effect on quality of life d) Enhances social interactions

Correct answer: b) Reduces life expectancy

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