What You Need to Know About HIV/AIDS and Ethical Issues: 25 MCQs

What You Need to Know About HIV/AIDS and Ethical Issues: 25 MCQs

1. What does HIV stand for?

a. Human Influenza Virus b. Human Immunodeficiency Virus c. Human Insulin Virus d. Human Inflammatory Virus Answer: b

2. Which body fluid is primarily responsible for transmitting HIV? a. Saliva b. Blood c. Sweat d. Urine Answer: b

3. How can HIV be transmitted from person to person? a. Casual contact b. Sharing food c. Sexual contact d. Sharing utensils Answer: c

4. What does AIDS stand for? a. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome b. Advanced Immune Disease Syndrome c. Acute Immunity Deficiency Syndrome d. Autoimmune Immunodeficiency Syndrome Answer: a

5. What is the most common route of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV? a. During breastfeeding b. During pregnancy c. During labor and delivery d. Through sharing utensils Answer: a

6. What is a key prevention method for HIV transmission? a. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) b. Antibiotics c. Antifungals d. Antipyretics Answer: a

7. In HIV/AIDS treatment, what does HAART stand for? a. Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Treatment b. Human Acquired Antiviral Regimen Therapy c. Highly Advanced Antifungal and Retroviral Treatment d. Human Antibiotic and Antiviral Response Therapy Answer: a

8. Which group is most affected by HIV/AIDS globally? a. Adolescents and young adults b. Elderly population c. Children under 5 years old d. Middle-aged adults Answer: a

9. What does PrEP stand for in HIV prevention? a. Post-Exposure Prophylaxis b. Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis c. Preemptive Exposure Protection d. Post-Infection Exposure Prevention Answer: b

10. Which of the following is a common symptom of HIV infection? a. Persistent cough b. High blood pressure c. Joint pain d. Fever and fatigue Answer: d

11. Which region has the highest HIV prevalence rates globally? a. Asia b. Europe c. Sub-Saharan Africa d. North America Answer: c

12. What does VCT stand for in the context of HIV/AIDS? a. Virus Confirmation Test b. Voluntary Counseling and Testing c. Vaccination and Control Therapy d. Viral Control Technique Answer: b

13. Which of the following is an ethical principle related to HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment? a. Autonomy b. Greediness c. Manipulation d. Exploitation Answer: a

14. What does PEP stand for in HIV prevention after potential exposure? a. Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis b. Post-Exposure Prophylaxis c. Preemptive Exposure Protection d. Post-Infection Exposure Prevention Answer: b

15. Which of the following is an ethical issue related to HIV/AIDS research and treatment? a. Discrimination b. Financial gain c. Competition d. Celebrity endorsements Answer: a

16. Which population group is at a higher risk of HIV/AIDS due to social and economic factors? a. High-income individuals b. Educated professionals c. People living in poverty d. Rural residents Answer: c

17. What does the term "stigma" refer to in the context of HIV/AIDS? a. A positive attitude towards HIV/AIDS b. Negative beliefs and attitudes towards people with HIV/AIDS c. A scientific measurement of HIV prevalence d. A type of HIV treatment Answer: b

18. Which ethical principle emphasizes fairness and equal access to healthcare for all individuals, including those with HIV/AIDS? a. Justice b. Beneficence c. Non-maleficence d. Veracity Answer: a

19. In the context of HIV/AIDS, what does U=U stand for? a. Universal Utilization b. Undetectable equals Uninfectious c. Untreatable equals Unmanageable d. Unification equals Unity Answer: b

20. Which of the following is an ethical issue related to HIV testing and confidentiality? a. Informed consent b. Cost-effectiveness c. Mass testing without consent d. Biased reporting Answer: a

21. Which of the following is a potential consequence of HIV-related discrimination? a. Increased awareness b. Delayed HIV testing and treatment c. Improved social support d. Enhanced HIV education Answer: b

22. Which organization leads the global efforts in the fight against HIV/AIDS? a. World Health Organization (WHO) b. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) c. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) d. World Bank Answer: a

23. What does IRB stand for in the context of ethical considerations in research involving human subjects? a. Internal Review Board b. Institutional Review Board c. International Research Bureau d. Informed Research Board Answer: b

24. Which of the following is a primary goal of HIV/AIDS education and awareness programs? a. Stigmatization b. Misinformation c. Prevention d. Isolation Answer: c

25. What does PEPFAR stand for in the context of global HIV/AIDS response? a. People's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief b. Prevention and Education Program for AIDS Rehabilitation c. Public Engagement Project for AIDS Research d. Pandemic Emergency Program for AIDS Response Answer: a

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