25 MCQ on Society and Culture

25 MCQ on Society and Culture

 1. Question: Society is defined as a group of individuals who share a common:

a. Economic background b. Political ideology c. Culture and territory d. Education level Answer: c. Culture and territory

2. Question: Culture includes which of the following aspects? a. Language, beliefs, and customs b. Economic status and employment c. Geographical location d. Political affiliations Answer: a. Language, beliefs, and customs

3. Question: Anthropology is the study of: a. Plants and ecosystems b. Human biology and genetics c. Human societies and cultures d. Political systems Answer: c. Human societies and cultures

4. Question: Subcultures are groups within a larger society that have their own distinct: a. Language b. Customs and behaviors c. Political system d. Geographic location Answer: b. Customs and behaviors

5. Question: Socialization is the process through which individuals learn and internalize: a. Genetic traits b. Cultural norms and values c. Religious practices d. Educational qualifications Answer: b. Cultural norms and values

6. Question: The term "cultural relativism" refers to: a. Evaluating other cultures based on your own cultural standards b. Understanding and evaluating other cultures within their own context c. Rejecting all cultural norms and values d. Promoting a superior culture over others Answer: b. Understanding and evaluating other cultures within their own context

7. Question: Multiculturalism emphasizes the coexistence and recognition of: a. One dominant culture b. Multiple distinct cultures c. Religious practices d. Political ideologies Answer: b. Multiple distinct cultures

8. Question: Which sociological perspective focuses on how culture and society are maintained and preserved over time? a. Structural functionalism b. Conflict theory c. Symbolic interactionism d. Feminist theory Answer: a. Structural functionalism

9. Question: A belief in the inherent superiority of one's own culture compared to others is known as: a. Ethnocentrism b. Cultural relativism c. Multiculturalism d. Xenophobia Answer: a. Ethnocentrism

10. Question: Folkways are informal, everyday customs and conventions that: a. Are legally binding b. Carry severe consequences if violated c. Govern moral behavior d. Are considered polite or rude Answer: d. Are considered polite or rude

11. Question: The "digital divide" refers to the gap between: a. Generations in a family b. Rich and poor countries c. Internet users and non-users d. Urban and rural populations Answer: c. Internet users and non-users

12. Question: Cultural appropriation involves: a. Promoting and understanding different cultures respectfully b. Misusing or adopting elements of another culture without understanding or permission c. Celebrating cultural diversity d. Encouraging intercultural communication Answer: b. Misusing or adopting elements of another culture without understanding or permission

13. Question: Which of the following is an example of material culture? a. Language b. Clothing c. Social norms d. Values Answer: b. Clothing

14. Question: Counterculture refers to: a. A group that opposes mainstream culture and norms b. A culture's most cherished beliefs and practices c. The dominant culture in a society d. A subgroup within a culture Answer: a. A group that opposes mainstream culture and norms

15. Question: Sociology is the study of: a. Individuals and their behavior b. Human societies and social relationships c. Physical sciences d. Economic systems Answer: b. Human societies and social relationships

16. Question: A social institution is a system of behavioral and relationship patterns that are densely interwoven and enduring. Which of the following is an example of a social institution? a. Family b. Individual beliefs c. Personal hobbies d. Fashion trends Answer: a. Family

17. Question: The concept of "social mobility" refers to: a. The movement of individuals or groups within a social hierarchy b. The spread of infectious diseases within a community c. The exchange of cultural practices between societies d. The tendency of a society to remain static over time Answer: a. The movement of individuals or groups within a social hierarchy

18. Question: "Anomie," a term introduced by Émile Durkheim, refers to a state of: a. Normlessness or lack of social cohesion b. Perfect social order and harmony c. Complete isolation from society d. High moral standards and ethical behavior Answer: a. Normlessness or lack of social cohesion

19. Question: The process through which individuals learn the expectations and norms associated with a social role is called: a. Role modeling b. Socialization c. Conformity d. Stereotyping Answer: b. Socialization

20. Question: Which of the following is an example of a folkway? a. Holding the door for someone b. Not stealing c. Honesty d. Respect for authority Answer: a. Holding the door for someone

21. Question: The term "cultural diffusion" refers to: a. The spread of cultural elements from one society to another b. The preservation of cultural practices within a community c. The development of new cultural norms within a society d. The assimilation of minority cultures into the dominant culture Answer: a. The spread of cultural elements from one society to another

22. Question: In sociology, the term "gender role" refers to: a. The biological differences between males and females b. The cultural and social expectations associated with being male or female c. The economic opportunities available to males and females d. The level of education of males and females Answer: b. The cultural and social expectations associated with being male or female

23. Question: Which sociological perspective emphasizes the role of symbols and language in shaping social behavior and interactions? a. Functionalism b. Conflict theory c. Symbolic interactionism d. Feminist theory Answer: c. Symbolic interactionism

24. Question: Cultural capital refers to: a. Financial wealth of an individual b. The value of a person's cultural knowledge and experiences c. The physical assets owned by a person d. The educational qualifications of a person Answer: b. The value of a person's cultural knowledge and experiences

25. Question: Ethnography is a research method primarily used in anthropology and sociology. It involves: a. Analyzing statistical data b. Conducting surveys and questionnaires c. Immersing in a culture to understand and document its practices and beliefs d. Conducting experiments in a controlled environment Answer: c. Immersing in a culture to understand and document its practices and beliefs

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