30 MCQ on Introduction to Methods of Research in Social Work

30 MCQ on Introduction to Methods of Research in Social Work

1. Question: Which of the following best defines research in social work? a. A systematic process of gathering, analyzing, and interpreting information to answer a question or solve a problem. b. Conducting surveys and collecting data from various sources. c. Summarizing existing knowledge in a particular field. d. Making decisions based on intuition and personal experiences. Answer: a. A systematic process of gathering, analyzing, and interpreting information to answer a question or solve a problem.

2. Question: What is the primary goal of research in social work? a. To prove preconceived notions and biases. b. To generate new knowledge and improve practice and policies. c. To maintain the status quo. d. To advocate for personal beliefs and opinions. Answer: b. To generate new knowledge and improve practice and policies.

3. Question: Quantitative research in social work is characterized by: a. Emphasis on understanding individuals' subjective experiences. b. Use of statistical data and numerical analysis. c. Reliance on qualitative data. d. Focusing on narrative analysis. Answer: b. Use of statistical data and numerical analysis.

4. Question: Qualitative research in social work is characterized by: a. Use of statistical data and numerical analysis. b. Emphasis on understanding individuals' subjective experiences. c. Reliance on experiments and controlled settings. d. Focusing on numerical data representation. Answer: b. Emphasis on understanding individuals' subjective experiences.

5. Question: What is the primary aim of descriptive research in social work? a. To explore cause-and-effect relationships. b. To determine the prevalence of certain behaviors or conditions. c. To manipulate variables and observe the effects. d. To develop theories and test hypotheses. Answer: b. To determine the prevalence of certain behaviors or conditions.

6. Question: Action research in social work focuses on: a. Understanding historical contexts. b. Promoting social change and improving practice. c. Conducting controlled experiments. d. Validating existing theories. Answer: b. Promoting social change and improving practice.

7. Question: What is the purpose of exploratory research in social work? a. To describe the characteristics of a particular phenomenon or group. b. To examine the relationship between variables. c. To validate an existing theory. d. To generate initial insights and ideas for further research. Answer: d. To generate initial insights and ideas for further research.

8. Question: The process of selecting a sample from a larger population is known as: a. Stratification. b. Randomization. c. Sampling. d. Standardization. Answer: c. Sampling.

9. Question: A systematic error that can occur in research, affecting the results and conclusions, is called: a. Random error. b. Bias. c. Variance. d. Standard deviation. Answer: b. Bias.

10. Question: In research, what is the difference between independent and dependent variables? a. Independent variables are manipulated, while dependent variables are observed and measured. b. Dependent variables cause changes in independent variables. c. Independent variables cause changes in dependent variables. d. Independent and dependent variables are the same in research. Answer: a. Independent variables are manipulated, while dependent variables are observed and measured.

11. Question: The ethical principle of "informed consent" in research refers to: a. Ensuring participants are fully informed about the research and voluntarily agree to participate. b. Obtaining permission from authorities to conduct research. c. Analyzing data without participants' knowledge. d. Withholding information from participants to avoid biases. Answer: a. Ensuring participants are fully informed about the research and voluntarily agree to participate.

12. Question: What is a common ethical consideration in social work research involving vulnerable populations? a. Conducting research without informed consent. b. Providing financial incentives to participants. c. Safeguarding participants' well-being and confidentiality. d. Excluding vulnerable populations from research studies. Answer: c. Safeguarding participants' well-being and confidentiality.

13. Question: Triangulation in research involves: a. Collecting data through multiple methods to enhance validity and reliability. b. Randomly selecting participants for the study. c. Conducting research at three different locations. d. Combining qualitative and quantitative data for analysis. Answer: a. Collecting data through multiple methods to enhance validity and reliability.

14. Question: The process of critically reviewing and evaluating existing research to make informed decisions is known as: a. Quantitative analysis. b. Meta-analysis. c. Randomization. d. Hypothesis testing. Answer: b. Meta-analysis.

15. Question: A study's findings are considered statistically significant when: a. They are of great importance to the field. b. They can be replicated consistently. c. The probability of obtaining them by chance is very low. d. The sample size is large. Answer: c. The probability of obtaining them by chance is very low.

16. Question: When a researcher gathers information by directly observing and recording behaviors without manipulating the situation, it is known as: a. Survey research b. Experimental research c. Observational research d. Case study research Answer: c. Observational research

17. Question: A representative subset of a population selected for a study is called: a. A sample b. A variable c. A control group d. A cohort Answer: a. A sample

18. Question: In social work research, what does the acronym "IRB" stand for? a. Internal Review Board b. Institutional Review Board c. International Research Bureau d. Investigative Research Board Answer: b. Institutional Review Board

19. Question: The process of systematically reviewing, evaluating, and summarizing the available evidence on a specific topic is known as: a. Survey analysis b. Meta-analysis c. Case study analysis d. Descriptive analysis Answer: b. Meta-analysis

20. Question: A structured, standardized set of questions or prompts used to gather data from participants is called: a. A questionnaire b. An interview guide c. A survey instrument d. A response scale Answer: a. A questionnaire

21. Question: When a researcher deliberately manipulates one variable to observe its effect on another variable, it is known as: a. Observational research b. Experimental research c. Correlational research d. Survey research Answer: b. Experimental research

22. Question: The process of analyzing data to identify patterns, themes, and relationships is known as: a. Quantitative analysis b. Descriptive analysis c. Qualitative analysis d. Inferential analysis Answer: c. Qualitative analysis

23. Question: In a research study, the group that receives the intervention or treatment is known as: a. Control group b. Experimental group c. Comparative group d. Randomized group Answer: b. Experimental group

24. Question: Which of the following is a commonly used research design in social work that involves studying a single case or a small number of cases in-depth? a. Experimental design b. Survey design c. Case study design d. Correlational design Answer: c. Case study design

25. Question: A research design that involves collecting data from the same participants at multiple points in time is known as: a. Longitudinal design b. Cross-sectional design c. Experimental design d. Case study design Answer: a. Longitudinal design

26. Question: A measure of how much scores in a set of data vary from the mean is known as: a. Standard deviation b. Variance c. Mean d. Median Answer: a. Standard deviation

27. Question: A research design that collects data from different participants at a single point in time is known as: a. Longitudinal design b. Cross-sectional design c. Experimental design d. Case study design Answer: b. Cross-sectional design

28. Question: A research approach that seeks to understand the lived experiences and perspectives of individuals is known as: a. Grounded theory b. Phenomenology c. Content analysis d. Ethnography Answer: b. Phenomenology

29. Question: A systematic and critical evaluation of research to assess its validity and relevance is known as: a. Literature review b. Data analysis c. Research synthesis d. Hypothesis testing Answer: c. Research synthesis

30. Question: A measure of the strength and direction of the relationship between two variables is known as: a. Correlation coefficient b. Mean c. Standard deviation d. Variance Answer: a. Correlation coefficient

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