30 MCQ on Research Methods I: Descriptive ,Exploratory, Diagnostic, Evaluation& Action Research

30 MCQ on Research Methods I: Descriptive, Exploratory, Diagnostic, Evaluation& Action Research 

1. Question: Which research method aims to explore a new area of study where little or no research has been conducted previously? a. Descriptive research b. Exploratory research c. Diagnostic research d. Evaluation research e. Action research Answer: b. Exploratory research

2. Question: In exploratory research, the emphasis is on: a. Testing hypotheses b. Generating new ideas and insights c. Evaluating a program's effectiveness d. Diagnosing a particular problem e. Taking action to bring about change Answer: b. Generating new ideas and insights

3. Question: What is the primary focus of descriptive research? a. Identifying cause-effect relationships b. Exploring new areas of research c. Describing characteristics and traits of a phenomenon d. Evaluating the effectiveness of an intervention e. Taking action to address social issues Answer: c. Describing characteristics and traits of a phenomenon

4. Question: A research study that aims to diagnose the factors contributing to a specific social problem is categorized as: a. Descriptive research b. Exploratory research c. Diagnostic research d. Evaluation research e. Action research Answer: c. Diagnostic research

5. Question: What distinguishes evaluation research from other types of research? a. It focuses on generating new ideas and insights. b. It aims to diagnose specific problems. c. It assesses the effectiveness of programs or interventions. d. It describes characteristics and traits of a phenomenon. e. It involves taking action to bring about change. Answer: c. It assesses the effectiveness of programs or interventions.

6. Question: Action research involves: a. Exploring new research areas. b. Evaluating the effectiveness of programs. c. Taking action to address a social issue or problem. d. Diagnosing specific factors contributing to a problem. e. Describing characteristics and traits of a phenomenon. Answer: c. Taking action to address a social issue or problem.

7. Question: In descriptive research, which of the following is a common data collection method? a. Experiments b. Surveys c. Focus groups d. Case studies e. Interviews Answer: b. Surveys

8. Question: A researcher conducts a study to assess the impact of a community intervention program on reducing crime rates. This is an example of: a. Descriptive research b. Exploratory research c. Diagnostic research d. Evaluation research e. Action research Answer: d. Evaluation research

9. Question: Which type of research is often used to gather preliminary data before conducting more extensive studies? a. Descriptive research b. Exploratory research c. Diagnostic research d. Evaluation research e. Action research Answer: b. Exploratory research

10. Question: A researcher aims to understand the attitudes and perceptions of a specific community towards mental health services. Which type of research is most suitable for this study? a. Descriptive research b. Exploratory research c. Diagnostic research d. Evaluation research e. Action research Answer: a. Descriptive research

11. Question: What is a key characteristic of diagnostic research? a. It focuses on describing characteristics and traits of a phenomenon. b. It involves testing hypotheses and identifying cause-effect relationships. c. It aims to generate new ideas and insights. d. It assesses the effectiveness of programs or interventions. e. It involves taking action to address social issues. Answer: b. It involves testing hypotheses and identifying cause-effect relationships.

12. Question: In action research, who typically participates in the research process? a. Only researchers and academic experts b. Only community members affected by the issue being addressed c. Both researchers and community members collaborate in the research process. d. Only government officials and policymakers e. Only funding agencies Answer: c. Both researchers and community members collaborate in the research process.

13. Question: A researcher conducts a study to determine the factors contributing to the high dropout rate among students in a particular school. Which type of research is most suitable for this study? a. Descriptive research b. Exploratory research c. Diagnostic research d. Evaluation research e. Action research Answer: c. Diagnostic research

14. Question: Which type of research is often used to measure the characteristics of a population or phenomenon at a single point in time? a. Descriptive research b. Exploratory research c. Diagnostic research d. Cross-sectional research e. Action research Answer: d. Cross-sectional research

15. Question: A researcher conducts a study to determine the prevalence of substance abuse among adolescents in a specific community. Which type of research is most suitable for this study? a. Descriptive research b. Exploratory research c. Diagnostic research d. Evaluation research e. Action research Answer: a. Descriptive research

16. Question: A researcher is interested in understanding the relationship between socioeconomic status and educational attainment. Which type of research is most suitable for this study? a. Descriptive research b. Exploratory research c. Diagnostic research d. Correlational research e. Action research Answer: d. Correlational research

17. Question: Which research method is focused on identifying cause-and-effect relationships between variables? a. Descriptive research b. Exploratory research c. Diagnostic research d. Causal research e. Action research Answer: d. Causal research

18. Question: In evaluation research, what is the role of the control group? a. To receive the intervention being evaluated b. To serve as a comparison to the experimental group c. To administer the evaluation questionnaire d. To analyze the data collected e. To conduct follow-up interviews Answer: b. To serve as a comparison to the experimental group

19. Question: What distinguishes diagnostic research from exploratory research? a. Diagnostic research is more focused and specific in identifying problems. b. Exploratory research involves generating new ideas and insights. c. Diagnostic research is primarily concerned with data collection. d. Exploratory research is focused on evaluating interventions. e. Diagnostic research is theoretical and conceptual in nature. Answer: a. Diagnostic research is more focused and specific in identifying problems.

20. Question: A researcher conducts a study to assess the effectiveness of a counseling program for individuals dealing with grief. Which type of research is most suitable for this study? a. Descriptive research b. Exploratory research c. Diagnostic research d. Evaluation research e. Action research Answer: d. Evaluation research

21. Question: In action research, what is the central goal? a. To test hypotheses and identify causal relationships b. To generate new ideas and insights c. To take action to address a practical problem or issue d. To provide a comprehensive description of a phenomenon e. To conduct cross-sectional surveys Answer: c. To take action to address a practical problem or issue

22. Question: A researcher conducts a study to investigate the factors influencing the adoption of sustainable farming practices in a rural community. Which type of research is most suitable for this study? a. Descriptive research b. Exploratory research c. Diagnostic research d. Evaluation research e. Action research Answer: b. Exploratory research

23. Question: What is the primary aim of exploratory research? a. To validate existing theories and concepts b. To generate new ideas and insights c. To assess the effectiveness of an intervention d. To provide a detailed description of a phenomenon e. To conduct cross-sectional surveys Answer: b. To generate new ideas and insights

24. Question: A researcher conducts a study to determine the satisfaction levels of employees in a specific organization. Which type of research is most suitable for this study? a. Descriptive research b. Exploratory research c. Diagnostic research d. Evaluation research e. Action research Answer: a. Descriptive research

25. Question: What is the primary aim of diagnostic research? a. To provide a comprehensive description of a phenomenon b. To generate new ideas and insights c. To identify problems and factors contributing to them d. To test hypotheses and establish causal relationships e. To take action to address a practical problem or issue Answer: c. To identify problems and factors contributing to them

26. Question: A researcher conducts a study to identify the causes of high attrition rates in a particular industry. Which type of research is most suitable for this study? a. Descriptive research b. Exploratory research c. Diagnostic research d. Evaluation research e. Action research Answer: c. Diagnostic research

27. Question: In evaluation research, what is the role of the experimental group? a. To administer the evaluation questionnaire b. To serve as a comparison to the control group c. To analyze the data collected d. To receive the intervention being evaluated e. To conduct follow-up interviews Answer: d. To receive the intervention being evaluated

28. Question: A researcher conducts a study to explore the experiences of families living in low-income neighborhoods. Which type of research is most suitable for this study? a. Descriptive research b. Exploratory research c. Diagnostic research d. Evaluation research e. Action research Answer: b. Exploratory research

29. Question: What distinguishes action research from other types of research? a. It involves generating new ideas and insights. b. It assesses the effectiveness of programs or interventions. c. It aims to describe characteristics and traits of a phenomenon. d. It involves taking action to bring about change. e. It focuses on identifying cause-and-effect relationships. Answer: d. It involves taking action to bring about change.

30. Question: A researcher conducts a study to determine the factors contributing to the high dropout rate among students in a particular school. Which type of research is most suitable for this study? a. Descriptive research b. Exploratory research c. Diagnostic research d. Evaluation research e. Action research Answer: c. Diagnostic research

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