International Year of Peace and Trust (2021)

2021 has been proclaimed the International Year of Peace and Trust by the United Nations (UN). Reaffirming the UN Charter, its goals, and guiding ideals is the main objective. It also calls attention to the need for peaceful conflict resolution, which will protect future generations from the "scourge of war." The proclamation of the Year is made in recognition of the significant role the UN plays in fostering goodwill among nations, according to a resolution passed by the General Assembly on September 12 of this year. It also recognizes how multilateralism and diplomacy advance the UN's three main goals of promoting sustainable development, peace and security, and human rights.

Role of the UN in Promoting Peace

In order to reaffirm "the Charter of the United Nations and its purposes and principles, and in particular the commitment to settle disputes through peaceful means and the determination to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, (...)," IYPT 2021 was declared in resolution A/RES/73/338 adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on September 12, 2019.

The Security Council can enact enforcement measures, such as economic sanctions or military action, to maintain or restore international peace and security, even though the General Assembly is the UN's policy- and decision-making body.

Representatives from 50 nations signed the Charter on June 26, 1945, and on October 24, 1945, the United Nations was formally established.

The United Nations was established shortly after the Second World War in response to the destruction caused by conflict. Its primary goal has been the same since then: maintaining global peace and security. Nearly 200 countries are currently UN members.

Every year on October 24, many nations observe United Nations Day.

2.5 Million Victims of Conflict

An ongoing commitment to uphold trust and peace seems acceptable. The Uppsala Conflict Data Program estimates that over 2.5 million people died as a result of war and conflict between 1989 and 2019. (UCDP). The program has been running for for 40 years and is the main source of information on organized violence worldwide.

According to the International Crisis Group, there are more than 70 active wars in 2021, and a record-breaking 68 million people have been forced to from their homes because of conflict and persecution.

Keeping the Peace and the Trust

The United Nations employs a number of strategies in an effort to stop armed conflict:
  • Use diplomacy and mediation to effectively prevent conflicts through preventive diplomacy.
  • Operations to maintain peace and security through facilitating political processes, safeguarding civilians, supporting disarmament efforts, assisting with elections and constitutional processes, and defending and advancing human rights.
  • Peacebuilding is the process of assisting nations who have recently experienced conflict to begin a lasting peace and development.
  • Role of coordination in the global fight against terrorism. The operational structure and strategy against terrorism are shared by all member states.
  • Disarmament: Promoting the abolition of nuclear weapons and other WMDs and the control of conventional weapons.

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