New agriculture policy was started in the year of
The National Agricultural Policy was announced by the Government of India on July 28, 2000. It was formulated under the provisions of the World Trade Organisation (WTO). The primary objectives of the NAP, 2000 were:
To achieve a growth rate in agriculture and allied sectors at over 4% per annum by the year 2005.
To ensure food security and nutritional security for all.
To create employment opportunities for at least 18 million people by the year 2005.
To make Indian agriculture competitive in the global market.
To promote sustainable agriculture and protect the environment.
The NAP, 2000 has been instrumental in shaping India's agricultural policy since its inception. It has been credited with several successes, including:
Increasing agricultural growth rates to over 4% per annum.
Ensuring food security for the country's growing population.
Creating employment opportunities in the agriculture sector.
Enhancing the competitiveness of Indian agriculture in the global market.
Promoting sustainable agriculture practices.
However, the NAP, 2000 has also been criticized for its focus on market liberalization and its failure to address the challenges faced by small and marginal farmers.
Despite its shortcomings, the NAP, 2000 remains an important document that has influenced India's agricultural policy for over two decades.
he New Agriculture Policy of India, which was introduced in July 2000, was intended to increase agricultural productivity, enhance food security, and boost farmers' income. The policy aimed to achieve these goals by promoting market-oriented reforms, strengthening infrastructure, and encouraging private sector participation in agriculture.
Key measures of the New Agriculture Policy:
Market-oriented reforms: The policy aimed to reduce government intervention in the agriculture sector and allow market forces to play a greater role in determining prices and production decisions.
Strengthened infrastructure: The policy emphasized the need for improved infrastructure, such as irrigation, roads, and storage facilities, to support agricultural growth.
Private sector participation: The policy encouraged private sector investment in agriculture, particularly in areas such as food processing and marketing.
Emphasis on research and development: The policy recognized the importance of research and development in improving agricultural productivity and developing new technologies.
Support for farmers: The policy included a number of measures to provide support to farmers, such as access to credit, subsidies, and risk insurance.
Impact of the New Agriculture Policy:
The New Agriculture Policy had a significant impact on India's agricultural sector. The policy helped to achieve several of its objectives, including:
Increased agricultural growth rates: Agricultural growth rates increased from an average of 2.2% per annum in the 1990s to over 4% per annum in the first decade of the 21st century.
Improved food security: India has achieved self-sufficiency in food grain production and is now a significant exporter of agricultural products.
Increased employment opportunities: Agriculture continues to be a major source of employment in India, and the sector has created millions of new jobs in recent decades.
Enhanced competitiveness: Indian agricultural products are becoming increasingly competitive in the global market, and the country is now a major exporter of agricultural products.
Sustainable agriculture: There has been a growing emphasis on sustainable agricultural practices in India, and the country is making significant progress in this area.
However, the New Agriculture Policy has also been criticized for its focus on market liberalization and its failure to address the challenges faced by small and marginal farmers. Some critics argue that the policy has led to increased inequality in the agricultural sector, with large farmers benefiting more than small farmers. Others argue that the policy has failed to adequately address the risks faced by farmers, particularly in the face of climate change.
Despite its shortcomings, the New Agriculture Policy remains an important document that has influenced India's agricultural policy for over two decades. The policy has helped to achieve several of its objectives and has made a significant contribution to India's agricultural development.