Top 10 Features of Culture
Following are the 10 features of Culture
- Culture is a complicated entity in which all of its aspects and characteristics must be understood in connection to one another. In this way, they collectively make up a whole called culture, which is complicated in nature.
- Culture is learned: Human culture is neither instinctive, innate, or physiologically transmitted. It is made up of habits or learned dispositions to react, that each individual has acquired via his or her unique life experiences after birth.
- Culture is instilled: All animals can learn, but the only man appears to be capable of passing on his acquired habits and behavior to his offspring to a substantial extent. A dog can be taught a variety of tricks, but they cannot be passed down to its puppies. Man, on the other hand, is capable of passing on all of his knowledge and behaviors to his descendants.
- Culture is social: Cultural habits are not simply instilled and transferred over time; they are all social, in the sense that they are shared by all human beings living in the society. The culture of a civilization is defined by the habits that its members share.
- Culture is commercial: The behaviors that make up a group's culture define desirable norms or patterns of behavior.
- Culture serves biological and secondary demands: Culture always and necessarily satisfies biological and secondary needs. It also aids in the enjoyment of human interaction with the natural environment and fellow humans.
- Culture is adaptable: It evolves. The changing process appears to be adaptive, similar to evolution in the organic domain but on a different scale. Culture adapts over time to the physical environment as well as the biological and socio-psychological demands of the human organism. Borrowing and organization help it adjust.
- Culture is integrative: During the adaptation process, all parts of culture tend to come together to form a coherent and integrated whole. Some anthropologists believe that culture is an integrated system in which the majority of its components are in perfect harmony with one another.
- Language as a cultural vehicle: All aspects of culture are passed down from generation to generation through language, whether verbal or written. Man cannot transmit civilization from one epoch to the next or from one location to another without the use of language. 1
- Culture is cumulative: One generation gains knowledge, skills, and other forms of culture from the previous one. The acquired culture is added to or modified, and then passed down to the following generation in a cumulative manner. This enables man to acquire information, talents, and other cultural features from the distant past and pass them on to future generations.