What is Social Medicine? Explained

 Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Scope
  3. Social care
  4. History

Introduction

The field of social medicine seeks to implement social care through
  • Gaining a better understanding of how social and economic factors influence health, disease, and medical practise, and 
  • Fostering conditions in which this knowledge can lead to a healthier society.
The Industrial Revolution and the resulting increase in poverty and disease among workers raised concerns about the impact of social processes on the poor's health, prompting the development of social medicine as a scientific field in the early nineteenth century. Today, public health efforts to understand what are known as social determinants of health are most commonly addressed by the field of social medicine.

Scope

The focus on biomedical science in medical education, health care, and research has created a chasm in our understanding and acceptance of far more important social determinants of public health and individual disease, such as social-economic inequalities, war, illiteracy, unhealthy lifestyles (smoking, obesity), and discrimination based on race, gender, and religion. For this discrepancy, 

Farmer et al. (2006) proposed the following explanation.
The holy grail of modern medicine remains the search for a molecular basis of disease. While the practical yield of such circumscribed inquiry has been enormous, exclusive focus on molecular-level phenomena has contributed to the increasing "desocialization" of scientific inquiry: a tendency to ask only biological questions about what are in fact biosocial phenomena.

They further concluded that "Biosocial understandings of medical phenomena are urgently needed".

Social care 

By taking a holistic approach to health, social care has traditionally taken a different approach to issues of impairment and disability. The social model was created as a direct response to the medical model. The social model views barriers (physical, mental, and behavioural) as a product of the physical, organisational, and social worlds that lead to discrimination, rather than just as a biomedical issue (Oliver 1996; French 1993; Oliver and Barnes 1993). Equal opportunity for the most vulnerable members of society is promoted by social care.

History 

The foundations for this model were laid by German physician Rudolf Virchow (1821–1902). Salvador Allende, Henry E. Sigerist, Thomas McKeown, Victor W. Sidel, Howard Waitzkin, and, more recently, Paul Farmer and Jim Yong Kim are other notable figures in the history of social medicine dating back to the twentieth century.

Waitzkin traces the history of social medicine from Engels to Virchow to Allende in The Second Sickness.  Waitzkin has worked to raise awareness of Latin American social medicine among North Americans.

Thomas McKeown, MD, a British public health scientist and health care critic, published "The Role of Medicine: Dream, Mirage, or Nemesis?" in 1976. where he summarised facts and arguments that supported what became known as McKeown's thesis, namely, that population growth can be attributed to a decline in infectious disease mortality, owing primarily to improved nutrition, later to improved hygiene, and only marginally and late to medical interventions such as antibiotics and vaccines. McKeown was chastised for his controversial ideas, but he is now known as "the father of social medicine."






































































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Abnormal Psychology Affirmative Action Agenda 21 Agriculture Anthropology applied psychology ARTICLE 14 ARTICLE 15 ARTICLE 16 ARTICLE 19 basic psychology Basic Social Science Concept Behavioural Therapy Black Feminism Body Brazil case work caste CBD Child Rights Chipko Class Climate change Clinical Social Work Cognitive Psychology Communicable diseases Community development Community Organization Constitution Constitution of India Correctional Social Work CPR Culture Current Affairs Daily MCQ Dalit Feminism Deafblindness Development Disability Disability in the field of Social Work Disaster Earth Summit Ecofeminism ecological refugee Economic Development Economics Ecosystem Ecosystem approach Education Emotion Environment Environment and Society environmental equality Equity and substantive equality Evoluation theory Feminism Feminism of Colour Feminist Feminist Community Practice Feminist Psychology Feminist Theories Feminist Theory Field Work forensic Fundamental Right Fundamental Rights Gender Gender and Development Gender and Development Gender and Labour Gender and Social Work Gender and Social Work Gender Equality Gender Justice gender neutrality Global and Postcolonial Feminism global warming gorillas Green best movement Greenpeace ideology India Indian economic Planning individual liberty Inequality International Current Affairs Intersectionality Intersectionality Theory JFMC Labour law Language Leader leadership Learning Legal Literacy Liberalism life span development livelihood Livelihoods Livelihoods Promotion Locomotor Disability Maternity Benefit MCQ Medical Social Work medicine Mental Health Migration Model of economic Model Questions Motivation movements Nagoya Narmada Bachao National Current Affairs Natural hazard Natural Resources nature Neuroscience NGO Niyamgiri Objectivity and Subjectivity Ogoni Participation Pastroalism patriarchy perception Personal Laws Personality PIL Planning in India Political science Post modernism Postmodern Feminism power Preabmle Production Program Planning protests Psychoanalysis Psychological Rehabilittation Psychology psychosocial development Public Interest Litigation Public Policy Radical Feminism Recording Reflection Reflexivity Reproduction rights of women Risk reduction Role of Social Worker Rural Community Rural Development Rural Economy Rural Society Sensory Impairment sex Sexual Division of Labour Sexual Harassment law Short Current Affairs Slum social relations Social Action Social Advocacy Social Blog social case work social casework Social Change social concept Social Control Social Current Affairs Social Development Social Entrepreneurship Social Group Work Social Groups Social Justice Social Legislation social medicine Social Policies Social Policy Social Problem Social Reform Social Transformation Social Value Creation Social Welfare Administration Social Work Social work concept Social Work Education Social Work MCQ Social Work Methods Social work QA Social Work Research Social Work Role of Social Worker Social Work Social Reform Socialiation Socialist Feminism Socialization Sociology SWOT Analysis Team Building Theory of Social Change trade unions tribe Types of Social work UGC NET Social Work Uniform Civil Code and Family Law in India VAW Violence Vulnerability WAD watershed Western Ghats WID women Women and Development Women in Development

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