Community organization


  1. Introduction
  2. Understanding the Community
  3. Importance of Community Organization
  4. Steps in Community Organization
  5. Strategies for Community Organization
  6. Challenges in Community Organization
  7. Conclusion


Community organization refers to a process of bringing people together to address issues that affect them and their environment. It involves the identification of community needs, the mobilization of community resources, and the implementation of projects and programs that aim to improve the quality of life in the community. Community organization plays a crucial role in promoting social change, empowering marginalized groups, and building stronger communities. The purpose of this blog is to provide a comprehensive overview of community organization, its importance, steps, strategies, and challenges. By understanding the fundamentals of community organization, individuals and groups can better engage with their community and create positive and sustainable change.

Understanding the Community

To effectively organise a community, it is essential to have a comprehensive understanding of what a community is, its characteristics, and the different types of communities that exist.
  • Definition of community: A community can be defined as a group of people who share common interests, values, and beliefs and who interact with each other within a specific geographical area.
  • Characteristics of a community:
    • Sense of belonging and identity
    • shared values, interests, and goals
    • Social interactions and relationships
    • Geographic proximity
    • Shared resources and institutions
  • Types of communities:
    • Geographic communities: communities defined by a specific geographical area, such as a town, city, or neighborhood.
    • Identity-based communities: communities formed based on shared characteristics, such as ethnicity, religion, or sexual orientation.
    • Interest-based communities: communities formed based on shared interests or activities, such as sports teams, hobby groups, or professional organisations
    • Virtual communities: communities formed online, such as social media groups or online forums.
By understanding the characteristics and types of communities, community organisers can tailor their approach to best meet the needs of the community they are working with.

Importance of Community Organization

Community organization plays a crucial role in promoting social change, empowering marginalized groups, and building stronger communities. Here are some of the key reasons why community organization is important:

Benefits of community organization:
  • Fosters community engagement and participation
  • Encourages collective action and collaboration
  • Builds community capacity and resilience
  • Promotes social justice and equity
  • Addresses community needs and concerns
  • Empowers marginalized groups and individuals
  • Strengthens social networks and relationships
  • Enhances community well-being and quality of life
Objectives of community organization:
  • Mobilize community resources to address local problems and issues
  • Empower community members to take action and participate in decision-making processes
  • Build community capacity and leadership skills
  • Advocate for policy changes and social justice
  • Strengthen community organizations and institutions
  • Foster collaboration and partnerships among community stakeholders
  • Promote social and economic development
Historical development of community organization:
  • Community organizations have a long history in social work, community development, and activism. It emerged as a response to social problems and injustices and has been used to promote social change and empowerment. Key figures in the development of community organisations include Mary Richmond, Jane Addams, and Saul Alinsky, among others.
By promoting community engagement, empowering marginalized groups, and addressing community needs and concerns, community organization plays a vital role in building strong and resilient communities that are better equipped to address social problems and create positive change.

Steps in Community Organization

To effectively organise a community, community organisers can follow a series of steps that involve assessing community needs, identifying resources, mobilising resources, planning and implementing projects, and evaluating their impact. Here are the steps in community organisation:

Assessment of community needs:

  • Identify key issues and concerns in the community
  • Gather data and information about the community's strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats
  • Consult with community members and stakeholders to understand their perspectives and priorities
  • Prioritize community needs based on their urgency, impact, and feasibility

Identification of community resources:

  • Identify the community's assets, such as its people, organizations, institutions, and natural resources
  • Assess the strengths and limitations of these resources
  • Build a database of community resources that can be leveraged to address community needs

Mobilization of community resources:

  • Engage community members and stakeholders in the planning and implementation of community projects
  • Build partnerships and collaborations among community organizations, institutions, and businesses
  • Secure funding and other resources to support community projects
  • Build community capacity and leadership skills

Planning and implementation of community projects:

  • Develop a strategic plan that outlines the goals, objectives, activities, and timelines of the project
  • Identify the resources and support needed to implement the project
  • Recruit and train volunteers to support the project
  • Monitor and evaluate the progress of the project

Evaluation of community projects:

  • Assess the impact and outcomes of the project
  • Collect feedback from community members and stakeholders
  • Identify strengths and weaknesses of the project
  • Use evaluation results to improve future community projects
By following these steps, community organisers can effectively mobilise community resources, build partnerships and collaborations, and create sustainable solutions to address community needs and concerns.

Strategies for Community Organization

There are various strategies that community organisers can use to effectively organise a community. Here are some of the key strategies:

Community building:

  • Develop relationships with community members and stakeholders
  • Foster trust and open communication
  • Build a sense of community identity and belonging
  • Encourage community participation and engagement

Capacity building:

  • Build the capacity of community organizations and institutions
  • Provide training and resources to community members and leaders
  • Foster leadership development and skill-building
  • Build partnerships and collaborations among community stakeholders

Advocacy and mobilization:

  • Advocate for policy changes that promote social justice and equity
  • Mobilize community members to take action on social and political issues
  • Build coalitions with other community organizations and activists
  • Use media and public relations to raise awareness and build support for community issues

Asset-based community development:

  • Focus on community strengths and assets rather than deficits and problems
  • Build on the community's existing resources and capacities
  • Foster collaboration and partnerships among community stakeholders
  • Build community capacity and leadership skills

Participatory action research:

  • Engage community members in the research process
  • Use research to inform community planning and decision-making
  • Build community capacity for data analysis and interpretation
  • Use research to advocate for policy changes and resource allocation
By using these strategies, community organizers can effectively build relationships, capacity, and power in the community and work towards creating positive social change.

Challenges in Community Organization

Community organization can be a complex and challenging process. Here are some of the common challenges that community organizers may face:

Lack of resources:
  • Limited funding and resources can make it difficult to implement community projects and sustain long-term change
  • Lack of access to resources can also limit community participation and engagement
Resistance to change:
  • Some community members may resist change or be hesitant to engage in community activities
  • Resistance can be due to cultural, social, or political factors
Lack of trust and communication:
  • Building trust and open communication can be a challenge, particularly in communities with diverse perspectives and experiences
  • Language barriers, cultural differences, and power dynamics can also create communication challenges
Lack of leadership:
  • A lack of effective community leadership can make it difficult to mobilize resources, build partnerships, and sustain community efforts
  • A lack of leadership can also create conflict and disorganization within the community
Political and social barriers:
  • Political and social barriers, such as discrimination and inequality, can limit community participation and engagement
  • Social and cultural norms may also limit the ability of some community members to participate in community activities
Burnout and turnover:
  • Community organizers may experience burnout due to the demanding and complex nature of their work
  • High levels of turnover within community organizations can also create instability and hinder long-term progress
By recognizing these challenges and addressing them through strategic planning, collaboration, and capacity building, community organizers can overcome these obstacles and create positive change in their communities.


In conclusion, community organisation is a critical process that enables communities to identify and address their needs and concerns. By following a series of steps and using effective strategies, community organisers can mobilise resources, build partnerships, and create sustainable solutions to social, economic, and political issues. However, community organisations can also face various challenges, such as limited resources, resistance to change, communication barriers, and political and social barriers. By addressing these challenges and building community capacity and leadership, community organisers can overcome these obstacles and create positive change in their communities. Ultimately, community organisation is an essential process for building resilient and empowered communities that can work towards a more just and equitable society.


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  2. Minkler, M., & Wallerstein, N. (Eds.). (2011). Community-based participatory research for health: From process to outcomes (2nd ed.). John Wiley & Sons.
  3. Kretzmann, J. P., & McKnight, J. L. (1993). Building communities from the inside out: A path toward finding and mobilizing a community's assets. ACTA Publications.
  4. Wilson, B. (2014). Community organizing and community building for health and welfare (3rd ed.). Rutgers University Press.
  5. Chaskin, R. J. (2013). Integrating community organization and community development practice. In Community practice (pp. 87-107). Springer, New York, NY.


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