25 MCQ on Psychological Foundation for Social Work Practice


25 MCQ on Psychological Foundation for Social Work Practice

 1. Question: Which psychological theory emphasizes unconscious processes and the influence of early childhood experiences on personality development?

a. Behaviorism b. Humanistic psychology c. Psychodynamic theory d. Cognitive psychology Answer: c. Psychodynamic theory

2. Question: According to Maslow's hierarchy of needs, which need must be satisfied first before higher-level needs can be addressed? a. Esteem needs b. Safety needs c. Belongingness and love needs d. Self-actualization needs Answer: b. Safety needs

3. Question: The social learning theory, proposed by Albert Bandura, emphasizes the role of: a. Reinforcement and punishment b. Observational learning and imitation c. Unconscious desires and conflicts d. Self-actualization and personal growth Answer: b. Observational learning and imitation

4. Question: Erik Erikson's psychosocial stages of development propose that each stage is characterized by a specific: a. Conflict or crisis b. Biological change c. Cognitive ability d. Learning opportunity Answer: a. Conflict or crisis

5. Question: Which psychological perspective emphasizes the influence of societal and cultural factors on individual behavior and mental processes? a. Psychodynamic perspective b. Humanistic perspective c. Sociocultural perspective d. Cognitive perspective Answer: c. Sociocultural perspective

6. Question: In behavioral therapy, which technique involves gradual exposure to an anxiety-provoking stimulus to reduce fear and anxiety? a. Operant conditioning b. Classical conditioning c. Systematic desensitization d. Reinforcement Answer: c. Systematic desensitization

7. Question: Abraham Maslow is best known for his theory of: a. Classical conditioning b. Operant conditioning c. Hierarchy of needs d. Observational learning Answer: c. Hierarchy of needs

8. Question: According to B.F. Skinner's theory of operant conditioning, what strengthens a behavior by presenting a desirable consequence? a. Positive reinforcement b. Negative reinforcement c. Punishment d. Extinction Answer: a. Positive reinforcement

9. Question: The Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) approach focuses on: a. Understanding unconscious conflicts b. Changing maladaptive thoughts and behaviors c. Exploring human potential and growth d. Analyzing social structures and systems Answer: b. Changing maladaptive thoughts and behaviors

10. Question: Albert Ellis is associated with the development of: a. Psychodynamic theory b. Humanistic psychology c. Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) d. Behaviorism Answer: c. Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT)

11. Question: Which stage of Erikson's psychosocial development focuses on developing a sense of competence and mastery? a. Trust vs. Mistrust b. Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt c. Initiative vs. Guilt d. Industry vs. Inferiority Answer: d. Industry vs. Inferiority

12. Question: According to Piaget's theory of cognitive development, which stage is characterized by abstract thinking and moral reasoning? a. Sensorimotor stage b. Preoperational stage c. Concrete operational stage d. Formal operational stage Answer: d. Formal operational stage

13. Question: Which psychological concept involves the tendency to attribute our own thoughts, feelings, and motives to others? a. Projection b. Displacement c. Rationalization d. Sublimation Answer: a. Projection

14. Question: The ecological systems theory, proposed by Urie Bronfenbrenner, emphasizes the influence of: a. Genetics on behavior b. Environmental systems and contexts on development c. Unconscious conflicts on personality d. Cultural factors on cognition Answer: b. Environmental systems and contexts on development

15. Question: Which psychological perspective emphasizes the potential for growth, self-actualization, and the importance of choice and responsibility? a. Psychodynamic perspective b. Humanistic perspective c. Cognitive perspective d. Behaviorist perspective Answer: b. Humanistic perspective

16. Question: What is a fundamental principle of trauma-informed social work practice? a. Blaming the victim for their experiences b. Focusing solely on physical healing c. Recognizing the widespread impact of trauma d. Disregarding the emotional aspect of trauma Answer: c. Recognizing the widespread impact of trauma

17. Question: Which psychological perspective emphasizes the role of unconscious desires and conflicts in influencing behavior and mental processes? a. Humanistic perspective b. Psychodynamic perspective c. Cognitive perspective d. Behavioral perspective Answer: b. Psychodynamic perspective

18. Question: According to Erikson, the stage of "Identity vs. Role Confusion" occurs during which life stage? a. Adolescence b. Early adulthood c. Middle adulthood d. Late adulthood Answer: a. Adolescence

19. Question: According to social cognitive theory, what is the process of observing and imitating the behavior of others called? a. Observational learning b. Operant conditioning c. Classical conditioning d. Reinforcement Answer: a. Observational learning

20. Question: The cognitive distortion where a person views a situation in only two categories instead of on a continuum is known as: a. Dichotomous thinking b. Catastrophizing c. Overgeneralization d. Personalization Answer: a. Dichotomous thinking

21. Question: Which psychological concept involves attributing one's own unacceptable desires or characteristics to others? a. Rationalization b. Displacement c. Projection d. Regression Answer: c. Projection

22. Question: According to Erikson, the "Intimacy vs. Isolation" stage typically occurs during which life stage? a. Adolescence b. Early adulthood c. Middle adulthood d. Late adulthood Answer: b. Early adulthood

23. Question: What is the primary focus of the Humanistic approach in psychology? a. Unconscious desires and conflicts b. Environmental determinants of behavior c. Individual growth, self-actualization, and personal potential d. Observable behaviors and conditioning Answer: c. Individual growth, self-actualization, and personal potential

24. Question: Which type of reinforcement involves removing an aversive stimulus to increase a desired behavior? a. Positive reinforcement b. Negative reinforcement c. Extinction d. Punishment Answer: b. Negative reinforcement

25. Question: According to Maslow, which level of need involves achieving one's fullest potential and capabilities? a. Physiological needs b. Esteem needs c. Belongingness and love needs d. Self-actualization needs Answer: d. Self-actualization needs

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